According to topschoolsoflaw, Sudan (Arabic: السودان as-Sūdān) is a country in Africa bordering South Sudan, Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, Ethiopia and Eritrea. The capital of Sudan is Khartoum (Khartoum). A number of major cities in Sudan are: Omdurman, Port Sudan, Kassala and Al Ubayyiḑ.
Sudan has a long history of (civil) wars. The Darfur region and the border region with South Sudan in particular are regularly the scene of unrest. Sudan is often known among tourists as a diving destination. On the Red Sea you can dive to shipwrecks, colorful coral reefs and many shark species. The landscape of Sudan consists mostly of desert plains. There you can visit pyramids, temples and ruins. There are also two major rivers that converge in the capital Khartoum. These are the White Nile and the Blue Nile. These go together into the Nile.
Where is Sudan located?
Travel information of Sudan
Official name: Republic of the Sudan
Area: 1,886,068 km²
Capital: Khartoum (Khartoum)
Country code: SD, SDN
Population: 45,561,556 inhabitants (2020)
Form of government: Republic
Highest point: 3,042 m (Deriba)
Distance (Amsterdam – Khartoum): 4,750 km
Flight time: approximately 6 hours and 30 minutes
Current status: All travel to certain areas in Sudan is discouraged.
Current color code: Orange and red.
Due to this status, a partially negative travel advice is in effect for Sudan.
Due to the coronavirus (COVID-19), (temporary) measures may apply in Sudan that you as a tourist may have to deal with. For the most up-to-date corona travel advice, please refer to our special coronavirus travel advice page. For the number of current corona infections, number of deaths and various corona-related graphs in Sudan, please visit Countryaah.
On our travel offer page you will find an overview of reliable travel organizations that offer complete trips and holidays to Sudan. You will also find an overview of separate travel components (flight tickets) with which you can compose your ideal trip yourself.
Travel guides and maps
Are you looking for a travel guide, map, walking map, cycling map, book or DVD about Sudan?
Weather and climate
Sudan has a predominantly desert climate. Temperatures are around 25 to 35 degrees all year round. In the desert areas, temperatures rise above 40 degrees from April to October.
The current weather (weather forecast) and a weather forecast for Sudan can be found on our detailed weather page.
Detailed information about the climate of Sudan can be found at Climate info.
January and December are the best months to travel to Sudan. This avoids the months with extremely high temperatures and sand storms.
Arabic is the official language in Sudan. In addition, a lot of English is spoken.
Would you like to translate from or into Arabic for free? Use the Google translator for this.
You must have a passport that is valid for at least 6 months upon arrival in Sudan.
A visa is required. You can apply for this in person at the Embassy of Sudan in The Hague.
Note: Your passport cannot contain an Israeli stamp.
Embassies and consulates
Below is an overview of relevant diplomatic representations, including addresses and contact details.
Netherlands Embassy in Sudan: netherlandsworldwide.nl.
Embassy of Sudan in the Netherlands: rijksoverheid.nl.
For urgent assistance, you can contact the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 24/7 on +31247247247.
It is advisable to get one or more vaccinations before visiting Sudan.
For extensive vaccination advice and to make a vaccination appointment at home, please visit Thuisvaccinatie.nl. You can also see here whether your health insurance reimburses the vaccination(s).
Malaria occurs in Sudan. Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by malaria mosquitoes. This infectious disease can lead to death if not treated in time and/or incorrectly.
For prevention and control of malaria, please visit our malaria page.
Money and Currency matters
In Sudan people pay with the Sudanese pound (SDG).
The current position of this currency (currency, currency) can be found on our exchange rate page.
An overview of all ATMs in Sudan can be found on our ATMs page. However, these do not accept Dutch bank cards.
Prices in Sudan are much lower than in the Netherlands. The price difference with the Netherlands is -45% on average. Some examples are: restaurants (64% cheaper), food (25% cheaper), imported beer in catering (4% more expensive), cigarettes (78% cheaper) and public transport (90% cheaper). Please note that the price difference in tourist areas, especially during high season, may vary.
In Sudan it is customary to give a tip of approximately 5%.
During our summer time there is no time difference.
During our winter time it is 1 hour later in Sudan.
Sudan has no difference between winter time and summer time.
Check the local time, date and time zone for Sudan on our time difference page.
Traffic and route
In Sudan you have to drive on the right.
You do not need an international driver’s license to drive and/or rent a motor vehicle in Sudan. You must show your driver’s license to the authorities upon arrival in Sudan.
With the Google route planner you can compile a route description from, to or within Sudan.
In Sudan you may in some cases need a plug adapter.
More information about common plugs and sockets in Sudan can be found on our electricity page.
If you need help from the police, fire brigade and/or ambulance in an emergency, you can use the emergency numbers below.
– Police: 999
– Fire: 999
– Ambulance: 999
It is not recommended to drink water from the tap.
If you are unable to buy bottled water, use a water purifier to purify the water or boil the water for 5 minutes. After this you can safely use it as drinking water and for things like brushing teeth, cleaning lenses and washing vegetables and / or fruit. More information about drinking water and/or the purchase of water purification products can be found on our drinking water page.
News and newspapers
The latest news related to Sudan can be found on Google news.
An overview of the newspapers from Sudan can be found on Abyznewslinks.
Websites from Sudan end in.sd.
Sudan’s official website: sudan.gov.sd.
The country code (international access code) to call someone in Sudan is 00249 or +249.
Do you want to call the Netherlands from Sudan? Then use the Dutch country code 0031 or +31.
(If using a country code, omit the leading 0 of the number to be called.)
Company details can be found in the Sudan Yellow Pages.
Photos and videos
On Flickr you will find a nice collection of photos of Sudan.
On Youtube you will find a nice collection of videos from Sudan.
An overview of all public holidays in Sudan can be found on Beleven.org.
Reviews and travel experiences
On Zoover and TripAdvisor you will find reviews from travelers about accommodations (eg hotels and holiday homes), restaurants and destinations in Sudan, supplemented with photos, videos and places of interest.
Are you looking for a travelogue about Sudan?
Here you will find travel reports and experiences of travelers who have previously visited Sudan. It is also possible to keep a free diary of your trip for family and/or friends.
Nature and world heritage
An overview of the protected nature areas (including national parks, reserves and wildlife parks) in Sudan can be found on Protected Planet.
An overview of the world heritage sites in Sudan can be found on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Do you want to know how much you are allowed to import and export when traveling to Sudan? On the IATA website you will find an overview with the maximum quantities of cigarettes, alcohol, money and perfume, among other things. If you stick to these quantities, you don’t have to declare anything to customs. You will also find the laws and regulations regarding the entry of pets on this website.
Doing business and doing business
If you are planning to do business in or with Sudan, it is wise to prepare well. The Netherlands Enterprise Agency can help you with this. On PaulSourcing.com you will find a large amount of information about Sudan, including: opportunities, Sudan and export regulations, trade figures, do’s and don’ts, current sanctions, business partners and subsidies.
Below you will find relevant legislation and regulations that you may encounter during your visit to Sudan.
– Alcohol: Buying and/or drinking prohibited.
– Tobacco: Unknown
– Smoking ban: No
– Homosexuality: Not allowed (death penalty).
– Photography: Prohibited without government permission.
Did you know that…
…Sudan is also called North Sudan?
…From 1954 to 2005 a civil war raged in Sudan?
… About 300,000 civilians died in ethnic cleansing and genocide?
…Slavery and the slave trade still exist in Sudan?
…Sudan was the largest country in Africa before the secession from South Sudan?
…Egyptian pyramids can also be found in Sudan?