Platinum America is a portion of South America made up of three nations: Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. The link between these countries dates back to the colonial period, as they have already participated in the same political administration. In addition to this aspect, these three nations have another characteristic in common: they are bathed by the rivers that form the River Basin.
With a territorial extension of 3,351,055 square kilometers, Platinum America corresponds to 18% of South American territory. The relief is characterized by plains and plateaus. To the west, on the border of Argentina and Chile, is the Andes Mountains. The climate varies according to each region. In the north, the tropical climate predominates and in the south, the characteristic climate is temperate. The main rivers are: Paraná, Paraguay and Uruguay, forming the Rio Prata River Basin.
These three countries add up to approximately 50 million inhabitants, with Argentina being the most populous country – with 40 million. The majority of the population of Platinum America, especially Argentina and Uruguay, is white and of European origin. This fact is explained by the intense migratory flow of Spaniards and Italians to these two countries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In Paraguay, mestizos and Amerindians predominate.
The economy in Platinum America is very dynamic and diverse. All three countries have agriculture as an important element of the economy. In Argentina, wheat and cattle and sheep farming are highlighted. In Uruguay, in the domain of the pampas, cattle are raised, meat and sheep are produced, in addition to the cultivation of corn and wheat. The main agricultural areas of Paraguay are located to the east of the Paraguay River, where various products are grown, mainly cotton and soy.
Argentina is the most industrialized nation in Platinum America. The industry is concentrated in Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Rosario. Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, is home to most industries in the country, whose sector is based on food and textile production.
Paraguay has a very limited industrialization, relying on excellence in food production. Tourism is another element of fundamental importance for the economy of these three countries. Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay, together with Brazil, form the most expressive economic bloc in South America – the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR).
Data from the Platinum American countries:
Area: 2,766,889 km².
Population: 40,276,376 inhabitants
Urban population: 92%
Demographic density: 14.5 inhab./km².
Currency: Argentine Peso
Capital: Buenos Aires
Life expectancy: 75 years
GDP: 328.4 billion dollars.
Area: 406,752 km².
Population: 6,348,917 inhabitants
Urban population: 61%
Demographic density: 15.6 inhab./km².
Language: Spanish and Guarani
Life expectancy: 71.5 years
GDP: US $ 16 billion
Area: 177,414 km².
Population: 3,360,854 inhabitants
Urban population: 92.5%
Demographic density: 19 inhab./km².
Currency: Uruguayan Peso
Life expectancy: 76 years
GDP: 32.2 billion dollars.
The Falkland Islands, Islas Malvinas, Malvinerne, archipelago and British Crown Colony in the South Atlantic approximately 600 km east of the southern tip of Argentina; 12,000 km2, 2932 residents (2012, excluding seconded British soldiers). Argentina continues to claim the islands.
The main islands are West Falkland and East Falkland, which are separated by Falkland Sound, surrounded by a few hundred small islands. The capital Stanley (2115 residents) is located on the East Falkland.
The climate is a mild, humid and windy polar climate with temperatures most often between 0 °C and 10 °C. It is favorable for grass and heath vegetation, while there are very few and only introduced trees. The natural vegetation is a tall grass species, tussock, which, however, is displaced from the main islands by sheep grazing.
Of the population is 2/3 born on the islands, while 1/4 come from Britain. Traditionally, sheep breeding has been the dominant occupation; sheep are in abundance in the Falkland Islands, and the wool is sold in Great Britain. In 1986, the territorial boundary of the islands was extended to 150 nautical miles; since then, fishing has outcompeted sheep farming as the main occupation. The economy is growing strongly; much is associated with the military presence at Mount Pleasant Base and the nearby Mare Harbor (located 50 km southwest of Stanley). The capital Stanley is visited by many cruise ships; in 2001, 39,000 tourists came to the city.
The many uninhabited small islands contain a rich, undisturbed wildlife with South American fur seal, southern sea lion (mane seal), southern sea elephant, five species of penguins, black-breasted albatross, great crested grebe, sheath beak and an endemic species, flightless steamship sand. The similarly endemic Falkland fox was exterminated in the late 1800’s.
The Falkland Islands were discovered in 1592 by John Davis, but it was not until 1764 that the first settlement was established by France on East Falkland, and the following year Britain followed on West Falkland. However, the Spaniards asserted their right to the area, and after buying East Falkland, in 1774 they conquered West Falkland.
In 1811 they left the islands, but Argentina, which in 1816 declared independence from Spain, now claimed them and established a settlement in 1826. Complaints about Argentine interference by British and North American whalers using the islands as a base led to British occupation. in 1833, and in 1892 the Falkland Islands were given the status of a British colony (see Crown Colony).
Argentina, which had repeatedly protested the British presence, filed the complaint against the UN in 1964; in 1966, as a result, negotiations began to transfer the islands to Argentina.
Negotiations were still ongoing when Argentina’s occupation of the islands in 1982 sparked the Falklands War, in which the British won. In a referendum in 1986, almost 95% of islanders voted to remain in Britain.
Argentina, however, has not given up the claim on the islands, and in February 2010 the conflict between Britain and Argentina flared up again due to British attempts to exploit the large oil deposits on the seabed in the vicinity of the islands with the drilling platform Ocean Guardian.
Argentina thus denies ships access to its ports if they have the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Shetland Islands as their destination. Calculations suggest that up to 60 billion can be retrieved. barrels of oil in the area.
Are you planning to attend a South America college? Then, you have come to the right place! We have carefully reviewed each of 4-year colleges and universities in the continent of South America and the following are the top 50 public and private programs listed by rank scores. The following colleges and universities in Brazil, Chile, Columbia, and other countries in Latin America (refer to Countryaah.com for a full list of South American nations) have been many times ranked by education experts based on their academic excellence and employment statistics. Please note that all universities were reviewed yearly based on their academic reputations, research ability and graduate performance.
#1. Universidade de São Paulo – Brazil São Paulo
#2. Pontificia University Católica de Chile – Chile Santiago
#3. State University of Campinas – Brazil Campinas, São Paulo
#4. Federal University of Rio de Janeiro – Brazil Rio de Janeiro
#5. University of Buenos Aires – Argentina Buenos Aires City, Buenos Aires
#6. National Autonomous University of Mexico – Mexico Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal
#7. University of Chile – Chile Santiago
#8. University of the Andes Colombia – Colombia Bogotá, DC
#9. Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria – Chile Valparaiso, Valparaiso
#10. Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul – Brazil Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul
#10. UNESP – Universidade Estadual Paulista – Brazil São Paulo
#12. Federal University of Minas Gerais – Brazil Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais
#13. Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC) – Brazil Santo Andre, Sao Paulo
#14. Federal University of Santa Catarina – Brazil Florianópolis
#14. Federal University of São Paulo – Brazil São Paulo
#16. Rio de Janeiro State University – Brazil Rio de Janeiro
#17. National University La Plata – Argentina Buenos Aires
#18. Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla – Mexico Puebla
#18. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana – Colombia Bogotá, DC
#20. Universidad Nacional de Colombia – Colombia Bogotá, DC
#21. University of Brasilia – Brazil Brasília
#21. University of the Republic – Uruguay – Uruguay Montevideo
#23. Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi – Mexico Mexico City, San Luis Potosi
#24. Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora – Brazil Juiz de Fora
#25. University of Concepción – Chile Concepcion
#26. Federal University of Paraná – Brazil Curitiba
#26. Universidade Federal de Pelotas – Brazil Pelotas
#28. Universidade Federal de Sao Joao del-Rei – Brazil Sao Joao del-Rei
#29. Federal University of Sao Carlos – Brazil São Carlos, SP
#30. National Polytechnic Institute – Mexico Mexico City
#31. Federal University of Pernambuco – Brazil Recife, PE
#32. Universidade Federal do Ceara – Brazil Fortaleza, Ceara
#33. Universidad Costa Rica – Costa Rica San Pedro Montes de Oca, San Jose
#34. Tecnologico de Monterrey – Mexico Monterrey
#35. Universidad de Antioquia – Colombia Medellín
#36. National University of Cordoba – Argentina Córdoba
#37. Universidade Federal da Bahia – Brazil Cruz Das Almas, Bahia
#38. Universidade Federal Fluminense – Brazil Niterói, Rio de Janerio
#39. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – Brazil Natal/RN
#40. Federal University of Vicosa – Brazil Viçosa, Minas Gerais
#40. Universidad Austral de Chile – Chile Valdivia, Región de los Ríos
#42. Metropolitan Autonomous University – Mexico Ciudad de México, Distrito Federal
#43. Universidade Federal de Goias – Brazil Goiania
#44. Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo – Mexico Morelia
#45. Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM) – Brazil Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul
#46. Universidad Andres Bello – Chile Santiago
#47. Universidad de Santiago de Chile – Chile Santiago
#48. Universidad de Valparaiso – Chile Valparaiso, Valparaiso
#49. National University of Rosario – Argentina Santa Fe
#50. Pontificia Universidade Catolica Do Rio Grande Do Sul – Brazil Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul
Should you be interested in slangs or acronyms about South America, you can follow AbbreviationFinder to see associations, fund, government or NGOs containing the location of South America.