Russia is a vast and diverse country with a population of over 140 million people. It is one of the world’s most populous countries, and its population is very diverse in terms of ethnicity, language, and religion.
The majority of the population are ethnic Russians. Other major ethnic groups include Tatars, Ukrainians, Bashkirs, Chechens, and Chuvash. Although Russian is the official language of Russia, many people also speak regional languages such as Tatar or Chuvash.
The Russian Orthodox Church is by far the largest religion in Russia; approximately 70% of the population identify as Orthodox Christians. Islam also has a large presence in the country; around 10% of the population are Muslims. Other religions practiced in Russia include Buddhism, Judaism, and Protestantism.
Russian society is highly stratified; there are significant disparities between different social classes in terms of wealth and education levels. The upper class consists mainly of wealthy business owners and high-ranking government officials; while those at the bottom end of the social spectrum tend to be poorer and less educated.
Despite these disparities, Russians generally have a strong sense of national identity; patriotism runs deep throughout society and there is an emphasis on loyalty to one’s homeland. This can be seen in popular culture such as films or music; many works focus on themes such as heroism or defending one’s homeland from outside threats.
Russia has experienced significant social changes over recent decades due to rapid economic development and political reforms; however traditional values such as respect for elders still remain strong throughout society. The country also continues to grapple with issues such as poverty or corruption which remain prevalent throughout much of Russian society today.
Demographics of Russia
According to wholevehicles.com, Russia is the largest country in the world with an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers. It has a population of approximately 144 million people, making it the ninth most populous country in the world. According to data from 2019, Russia’s population is made up of 81.5% Russians, 3.8% Tatars, 2% Ukrainians and 1.2% Bashkirs. The remaining 11.5% are comprised of other ethnicities including Armenians, Jews and Chechens. The population is spread out across Russia’s vast landmass with a majority living in urban areas such as Moscow and Saint Petersburg which together account for around 20 million people or 13.9% of the total population. According to census data from 2010, the majority of Russians are Orthodox Christians (81%) while Muslims make up 10%. Other religious groups include Buddhists (0.4%) and Jews (0.2%). In terms of education level, approximately 92% have a secondary education or higher while 8% have only an elementary school education or lower. Furthermore, according to World Bank statistics from 2017, Russia’s unemployment rate stands at 5%.
Poverty in Russia
Poverty is a major issue in Russia with approximately 19 million people living below the poverty line in 2019. This is roughly 13.1% of the population, making it one of the highest poverty rates in Europe and higher than the global average. The poverty rate has been on a steady decline since 2000 when it was at 30%. However, this decrease has been slow and unevenly distributed with some regions having much higher poverty rates than others. For instance, in 2018, the Republic of Dagestan had a poverty rate of 39%, while Moscow had a poverty rate of only 5%. Income inequality is also an issue in Russia with approximately 18% of the population earning less than half the median income. In terms of gender disparity, women are more likely to be poor than men due to their lower wages and limited access to employment opportunities. Furthermore, children are also disproportionately affected by poverty with 15% living below the poverty line in 2019. In addition to this, rural areas have higher levels of poverty compared to urban areas due to a lack of economic opportunities and services such as healthcare and education.
Labor Market in Russia
According to Countryvv, the labor market in Russia is a complex and diverse environment with a variety of employment opportunities. According to the World Bank, the unemployment rate in Russia stands at 5% as of 2017. However, this rate is unevenly distributed with some regions having much higher unemployment rates than others. For instance, in 2018, the Republic of Dagestan had an unemployment rate of 8%, while Moscow had an unemployment rate of only 3%. In terms of gender disparity, women are more likely to be unemployed than men due to their lower wages and limited access to employment opportunities. Furthermore, young people are also disproportionately affected by unemployment with 15% aged between 15-24 years being unemployed in 2019.
In terms of job quality, most Russian jobs are characterized by low wages and few benefits. In addition to this, there is also a lack of job security with many workers employed on short-term contracts or part-time jobs without any legal protection or social security benefits. Furthermore, the labor market is largely informal with many workers employed in the informal sector without any legal or contractual protection from their employers. This has led to a rise in precarious and exploitative working conditions for many Russians.
Finally, there is also a lack of skilled labor in Russia due to its aging population and poor educational system which has resulted in a shortage of qualified professionals. This has caused wages for qualified professionals to remain high while wages for unskilled labor remain relatively low leading to an unequal distribution of income within the country.