Russia Mountains

Russia Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

According to, Russia is the largest country in the world, spanning two continents, Europe and Asia. It covers an area of 17,098,242 square kilometers (6,601,670 square miles). Its landscape is dominated by vast stretches of steppe and taiga forests in the east and west. The Ural Mountains form a natural boundary between Europe and Asia in Russia. The Caucasus Mountains run along the southern border with Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the far northeast corner lies the Kamchatka Peninsula, a region of active volcanoes.

The Russian terrain is generally flat or gently rolling plains, with mountains such as the Urals in the east. The major rivers are the Volga River in European Russia and the Ob River in Siberia. Other notable rivers include the Don River, which flows south into Ukraine; the Kama River; and Lake Baikal, one of the deepest lakes in the world located in Siberia. Russia also has many lakes spread throughout its territory including Ladoga and Onega near St Petersburg.

The climate of Russia varies greatly from region to region due to its large size; temperatures range from subarctic to subtropical climates depending on location within its borders. In general, northern areas experience much colder temperatures than those found further south due to their proximity to Arctic waters which cools down temperatures significantly during winter months while summer months are often milder than other parts of Russia due to air masses coming off Siberia’s large land mass heating up during this time period. Central parts of Russia experience much more moderate temperatures throughout all seasons due to their location at middle latitudes where air masses from both poles collide creating a temperate climate year-round that does not have extreme weather patterns like those found elsewhere within Eurasia‚Äôs largest nation’s borders.


Russia is home to some of the most stunning and majestic mountain ranges in the world. The Ural Mountains, located in western Russia, are a major mountain range that stretches over 1,500 miles from the Arctic Ocean to the border of Kazakhstan. They are rich with minerals such as gold, copper, and iron ore. The highest peak in the Urals is Mount Narodnaya at 6,217 feet. To the east of the Urals is another mountain range – the Altai Mountains. These mountains are located mainly in Siberia and span from Mongolia to Kazakhstan. They are home to a variety of wildlife including bears, wolves, and snow leopards and offer breathtaking views for hikers and climbers alike. The highest peak is Mount Belukha at 14,783 feet high. Further east still lies Kamchatka Peninsula – an area of volcanic activity with over 300 volcanoes across its landscape. Its highest point is Klyuchevskaya Sopka at 15,584 feet above sea level. Finally there is Mount Elbrus – Europe’s tallest mountain which stands at 18,510 feet high – located on Russia’s border with Georgia in the Caucasus region.


The Volga River is the longest river in Europe and is one of the most important rivers in Russia. It originates in the Valdai Hills and flows south through central Russia into the Caspian Sea. Along its course, it passes through several major cities including Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan. The Volga is used for both commercial and recreational purposes such as fishing, shipping, and hydroelectric power production. It also serves as an important source of irrigation to many agricultural regions of Russia.

The Amur River is located in eastern Siberia along the Chinese-Russian border. It originates in Mongolia and flows eastward into the Sea of Okhotsk. This river serves as an important habitat for various species of fish such as sturgeon, salmon, trout, and pike. In addition to being a source of fish, it is also used for transportation as well as hydroelectric power production.

The Ob River is located in western Siberia and flows northward into the Arctic Ocean. Along its course it passes through several major cities including Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Omsk, and Tyumen. The Ob River provides a number of benefits to local communities such as providing water for irrigation purposes and serving as an important source of hydropower energy production. In addition to these benefits it also serves as an important habitat for many species of fish such as sturgeon, salmon, trout, pike, catfish and carp.

Finally there is the Lena River which originates in central Siberia near Lake Baikal before flowing northward into the Laptev Sea on the Arctic Ocean coast. The Lena River basin covers much of central Siberia with a variety of landscapes ranging from tundra to taiga forests which are home to many species of wildlife including bears wolves foxes lynx wolverines ermines sables martens elks reindeer musk deer beavers otters marmots voles hares owls hawks eagles falcons cranes geese ducks swans grouse partridges cuckoos woodpeckers owls etc.. The Lena River provides a number of benefits to local communities including transportation navigation hydropower energy production fishing hunting trapping tourism etc..


Russia is home to some of the world’s largest and most beautiful lakes. Lake Baikal, located in the south of Siberia, is the world’s deepest lake and holds around 20% of the world’s fresh water. It is also home to a variety of rare species and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Lake Ladoga, located in Northwestern Russia, is the largest lake in Europe by area. It is also connected to a network of rivers and canals which provide transportation routes for ships from St Petersburg to the White Sea. Lake Onega, located in Northwestern Russia, is the second largest lake in Europe by area and is known for its beautiful scenery and numerous islands. The Volga River Delta flows into this lake providing an important habitat for migratory birds. Other major lakes located in Russia include Teletskoye Lake near Altai Mountains, Lake Chany near Novosibirsk Oblast, Seliger Lake near Tver Oblast and Rybinsk Reservoir on Volga River.

Russia Mountains