According to Politicsezine, Russia is one of the largest countries in the world, and its borders reach out to many other countries. To the north, Russia shares a border with Norway and Finland. It also shares a border with Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Belarus to the west. To the south, it has borders with Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China. To the east lies an extensive coastline along the Arctic Ocean and Sea of Okhotsk. Further to the east is another long coastline along the Pacific Ocean in which Russia shares a border with North Korea. In addition to these land borders, Russia also has a maritime boundary with Japan in the Sea of Japan.
To its south-east lies Ukraine and further south lies Moldova and Romania; both of which share a border with Russia as well as other states such as Bulgaria and Hungary. The Caucasus region also forms part of Russia’s southern border; here it shares boundaries with Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Further south-east lies Turkey which also shares a maritime boundary with Russia in the Black Sea. Finally, along its western coastlines are various other countries such as Norway, Denmark and Sweden which all share maritime boundaries with Russia in various points on both coasts.
Government of Russia
According to programingplease.com, the Government of Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic. The President of Russia is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The executive branch consists of the President, Prime Minister, and Cabinet Ministers. The legislative branch is made up of a bicameral Federal Assembly consisting of the State Duma, which has 450 members, and the Federation Council with 166 members. The judicial branch includes local courts, regional courts, and the Constitutional Court.
The Constitution of Russia guarantees basic rights to its citizens such as freedom from discrimination on any grounds; freedom from torture or cruel punishment; freedom from arbitrary arrest or detention; and freedom to take part in peaceful assembly and association. It also guarantees economic rights such as access to social security benefits; right to employment; right to education; right to health care; right to housing; right to privacy and confidentiality in personal data processing activities, among others. In addition, it also provides for civil society protection through the guarantee of media freedom, protection against censorship and other restrictions on mass media outlets. Furthermore, it ensures free elections with universal suffrage for all citizens over 18 years old who are registered voters.
Recent Heads of Government of Russia
In 2008, Dmitry Medvedev was elected President of Russia. He served in this position for four years and was succeeded by Vladimir Putin in 2012. Putin has been the President of Russia since then, making him one of the longest-serving heads of government in the country’s history. Under his leadership, Russia has experienced a period of relative stability and economic growth. In addition to his role as president, Putin also serves as Prime Minister and is seen as a powerful figure in international politics. His foreign policy initiatives have included increased cooperation with China and other countries in Eurasia, as well as efforts to resolve conflicts in Syria and Ukraine. He has also sought to strengthen ties with the United States and European Union nations through diplomatic negotiations.
Major Political Parties in Russia
The two major political parties in Russia are United Russia and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation. United Russia is the ruling party and is considered to be the largest party in the country. It was founded in 2001 and has a strong base of support among government officials, business elites, and state-controlled media outlets. The party is pro-Putin and advocates for a strong centralized government with a focus on economic growth. It also supports increased defense spending and a more aggressive foreign policy stance.
The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF) is the second largest political party in Russia, with its main support coming from rural areas, pensioners, and state employees. The CPRF is an opposition to United Russia, advocating for greater social justice and economic equality as well as reversing some of Putin’s economic reforms. They have been critical of United Russia’s policies and have called for greater transparency within government organizations. In recent years they have become more active in politics by participating in mayoral elections at both local and regional levels. They also oppose increased defense spending but support increased social welfare spending instead.