The field of engineering is one of the most extensive that exist: they are 36 courses, each more different than the other. Despite being more attractive to passionate by Exact disciplines, each branch interacts with very diverse areas. In the case of petroleum engineering, for example, one of the most promising and well paid in the country, that relates with the mining and geology. Who wants to combine Chemistry, Geosciences and outdoor work has correct address at the State University of Norte Fluminense (UENF), five stars in the course of the evaluation Student’s Guide – and also the first graduate of the area to be founded in Brazil.
The petroleum engineer works with all processes that involve the extraction, refining and distribution of oil. Professional activities are divided generally into two main areas: upstream, term that refers to the discovery, drilling and extraction of the product, and downstream, a term that characterizes the refining and distribution processes. Labour market options are numerous, as explained by Antônio José dos Reis, eighth student of the course. “After we have formed a huge range of options. We can work with simulations of oil reservoirs, seismic and geological data analysis in search of new reserves, we can work in the field of drilling, reservoir stimulation for increased production, and many other things. ”
The crisis at Petrobras and the recent slowdown of the market can cause fear to the student who wants to follow in the area, but nothing indicates that there will be a decrease in demand, at least that’s the assessment of Petroleum Engineers. On the contrary: the pre-salt layer and the great Brazilian production potential predicting a resumption of the market from next year. “We live on oil economy cycles: If today is down, tomorrow will be better. We can’t let down by difficult times, because the oil industry is one of the most powerful and wealthy “, explains Antony.
On graduating from UENF enter 25 freshmen a year who go to 10 semesters – i.e. 5 years, at the ideal time-full time. In addition the course is divided into two Campi different: the first two years happen in Campos dos Goytacazes (RJ), where students perform, along with the other engineering disciplines of the basic cycle. From the third year, the graduation shall be given in Macaé (RJ), in the laboratory of engineering and petroleum exploration (LENEP), where students have specific course disciplines. The town is located exactly on the biggest pole of the country’s oil extraction – the Campos Basin-, which is known as “oil thirst” of Brazil.
For students, the campus location in Macaé is a great advantage. “The fact that our professional cycle at the country’s largest polo oil means that we have an entire campus all geared for the disciplines of oil, with State-of-the-art laboratories,” says Lucas Zordan, eighth student. After the basic engineering disciplines, with physics, chemistry and other Exact elements specific entering materials the whole chain of exploitation of the product. “The course at UENF is differentiated because it is focused in the areas of exploration and production, namely, students come out very ‘ specialized ‘ in these matters,” says student Barbara Serruya, the fourth quarter.
Graduation work the activities of upstream the first part of the whole process, which involves the discovery and drilling wells. “Our course has a focus in reservoir Engineering, with five subjects, from the introduction to the simulation of reservoirs. Personally, I like a lot of wells, where we learned the drilling techniques, “says Anthony.
Despite the extensive load of disciplines in geology, the course is quite theoretical and requires great dedication of studies – but that doesn’t mean that there is no practical lessons. “The classes are mostly theoretical, but there are disciplines such as programming practice, geology of the laboratory or field in which we travel to places like the Paraná basin to assess the training and identify petroleum systems,” says Lucas. In addition, he said, the proximity of the campus to large companies in the sector, facilitates the students ‘ connection with the professional routine of the area. “We make several technical visits to companies, where you can learn a little about the functioning of the various sectors of the oil industry, as well as understand the operational part of the equipment.”
The great potential of Brazil on oil exploration and the great demand of professionals, the market invests in training of interns. In the case of Antonio, who was recently hired by Baker Hughes, one of the largest in the world in the field. “Working in a team of engineers. This team is responsible for developing the projects of wells will be drilled. We are responsible in putting together the project, make the simulations of the tools that will be used, and choose them according to the geological formation and the characteristics of the well. ”
The petroleum engineering, as all the Exact area and course technology, guaranteed slots in Exchange Science without borders. In addition, the international market is always high when it comes to oil, which makes it absolutely essential that the student study hard the English and other foreign languages. In relation to international recognition, the position of the UENF is privileged: this year, received an award the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), or the society of Petroleum Engineers, based in the USA, as one of the best student in the world area divisions. “I spent a week in a SPE Conference in Houston, Texas, and had the opportunity to represent my country and my University before the world to receive an award as a representative of Latin America and Caribbean student,” recalls Antonio.
If you found the interesting area, Luke warns: “the course has various chapters; If you have any interest in the area, probably will find something you want to do. ” In addition to Anthony, the petroleum engineer has to be dynamic, able to deal with problems and adverse conditions. “We also need to know and respect the diverse cultures, because our profession provides to work with people from all over the world.” Good time to practice English, right?