According to ejinhua, Mauritania (Arabic: موريتانيا, Mūrītānyā) is a country in Africa bordering Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali and Senegal. Mauritania has been independent from France since 1960. The capital and largest city of Mauritania is Nouakchott. A number of major cities in Mauritania are: Nouadhibou, Rosso, Adel Bagrou and Kiffa.
Mauritania is known as a politically unstable country. The country has experienced several coups over the years. The population mostly lives below the poverty line and slavery was only abolished in 1981. The population is known to be very hospitable. The country consists for the most part of desert plains with a few small villages, towns and camels. Places of interest in Mauritania is the Richat structure, this is a natural phenomenon whose origin is unknown. It is recognizable by the large circular shape that consists of different layers of stone. The port city of Nouadhibou is known for the many shipwrecks floating off the coast. In addition, the country is known for the longest train in the world that runs between Zouerate and Nouadhibou over a distance of 700 km.
Where is Mauritania?
Travel information of Mauritania
Official name: Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Area: 1,025,520 km²
Country code: MR, MRT
Population: 4,005,475 inhabitants (2020)
Form of government: Parliamentary republic
Highest point: 915 m (Kediet ej Jill)
Distance (Amsterdam – Nouakchott): 4,217 km
Flight time: approximately 5 hours and 30 minutes
Current status: All trips to certain areas in Mauritania are discouraged.
Current color code: Red, orange and yellow.
Due to this status, a partially negative travel advice is in effect for Mauritania.
Due to the coronavirus (COVID-19), there may be (temporary) measures in place in Martinique that you as a tourist may have to deal with. For the most up-to-date corona travel advice, please refer to our special coronavirus travel advice page. For the number of current corona infections, number of deaths and various corona-related graphs of Martinique, please visit Countryaah.
At the moment there are no travel organizations that offer travel to Mauritania. If you want to put together your own trip or are looking for separate travel components such as hotels, airline tickets and a rental car, please visit our travel offer page.
Travel guides and maps
Are you looking for a travel guide, map, walking map, cycling map, book or DVD about Mauritania?
Weather and climate
Mauritania has a desert climate. Throughout the year the temperatures are around 30 to 40 degrees.
The current weather (weather forecast) and a weather forecast for Mauritania can be found on our extensive weather page.
Extensive information about the climate of Mauritania can be found at Climate info.
January, February and December are the best months to travel to Mauritania. This avoids the hot summer period with the risk of sand storms.
Arabic is the official language in Mauritania.
Would you like to translate from or into Arabic for free? Use the Google translator for this.
You must have a passport that is valid for at least 6 months upon departure from Mauritania.
A visa is required. You can apply for this in person at the embassy of Mauritania in Brussels.
Embassies and consulates
Below is an overview of relevant diplomatic representations, including addresses and contact details.
Netherlands Embassy in Senegal (also for Mauritania):
Dutch consulate in Mauritania: netherlandsworldwide.nl.
Embassy of Mauritania in Belgium (also for the Netherlands): rijksoverheid.nl.
Consulate of Mauritania in the Netherlands (also: rijksoverheid.nl.
For urgent assistance, you can contact the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 24/7 on +31247247247.
Before visiting Mauritania it is advisable to get one or more vaccinations.
For extensive vaccination advice and to make a vaccination appointment at home, please visit Thuisvaccinatie.nl. You can also see here whether your health insurance reimburses the vaccination(s).
Malaria occurs in Mauritania (with the exception of Dakhlet Nouadhibou, Tiris Zemmour, Adrar and Inchiri). Malaria is an infectious disease transmitted by malaria mosquitoes. This infectious disease can lead to death if not treated in time and/or incorrectly.
For prevention and control of malaria, please visit our malaria page.
Money and Currency
In Mauritania people pay with the Mauritanian ouquiya (MRO).
The current position of this currency (currency, currency) can be found on our exchange rate page.
An overview of all ATMs in Mauritania can be found on our ATMs page.
Prices in Mauritania are much lower than in the Netherlands. The price difference with the Netherlands is -40% on average. Some examples are: restaurants (85% cheaper), food (45% cheaper), clothing (20% more expensive), cigarettes (69% cheaper) and public transport (12% cheaper). Please note that the price difference in tourist areas, especially during high season, may vary.
In Mauritania it is customary to tip. If no service costs have been calculated yet, tip approximately 10-15%.
During our summer time it is 2 hours earlier in Mauritania.
During our winter time it is 1 hour earlier in Mauritania.
Mauritania has no difference between winter time and summer time.
The local time, date and time zone for Mauritania can be found on our time difference page.
Traffic and route
In Mauritania you must drive on the right.
You do not need an international driver’s license to drive and/or rent a motor vehicle in Mauritania.
With the Google route planner you can compile a route description from, to or within Mauritania.
In Mauritania you can use a Dutch flat plug.
More information about electricity in Mauritania can be found on our electricity page.
If you need help from the police, fire brigade and/or ambulance in an emergency, you can use the emergency numbers below.
– Police: 117
– Fire: 118
– Ambulance: Local numbers
It is not recommended to drink water from the tap.
If you are unable to buy bottled water, use a water purifier to purify the water or boil the water for 5 minutes. After this you can safely use it as drinking water and for things like brushing teeth, cleaning lenses and washing vegetables and / or fruit. More information about drinking water and/or the purchase of water purification products can be found on our drinking water page.
News and newspapers
The latest news regarding Mauritania can be found on Google news.
An overview of the newspapers from Mauritania can be found on Abyznewslinks.
Websites from Mauritania end in.mr.
The country code (international access code) to call someone in Mauritania is 00222 or +222.
Do you want to call the Netherlands from Mauritania? Then use the Dutch country code 0031 or +31.
(If using a country code, omit the leading 0 of the number to be called.)
Company details can be found in the Mauritania Yellow Pages.
Photos and videos
On Flickr you will find a nice collection of photos of Mauritania.
On Youtube you will find a nice collection of videos from Mauritania.
An overview of all public holidays in Mauritania can be found on Beleven.org.
Reviews and travel experiences
On Zoover and TripAdvisor you will find reviews from travelers about accommodations (eg hotels and holiday homes), restaurants and destinations in Mauritania, supplemented with photos, videos and places of interest.
Are you looking for a travelogue about Mauritania?
Here you will find travel reports and experiences of travelers who have previously visited Mauritania. It is also possible to keep a free diary of your trip for family and/or friends.
Nature and world heritage
An overview of the protected nature areas (including national parks, reserves and wildlife parks) in Mauritania can be found on Protected Planet.
An overview of the world heritage sites in Mauritania can be found on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Do you want to know how much you are allowed to import and export when traveling to Mauritania? On the IATA website you will find an overview with the maximum quantities of cigarettes, alcohol, perfume and money, among other things. If you stick to these quantities, you don’t have to declare anything to customs. In addition, on this website you will find the laws and regulations regarding the importation of pets and a list of everything that may not be imported and/or exported to Mauritania.
Below you will find relevant legislation and regulations that you may encounter during your visit to Mauritania.
– Alcohol: Buying and/or drinking prohibited.
– Tobacco: Unknown
– Smoking ban: No
– Homosexuality: Not allowed (death penalty).
Did you know that…
…46.3% of the population of Mauritania live below the poverty line?
…Slavery has only been banned in Mauritania since 1981?
…Two thirds of Mauritania consists of desert?
…Mauritania has many valuable raw materials such as gold, oil and diamonds?