The level of education in Mali is low and illiteracy is widespread. Officially, there is a nine-year compulsory school age from the age of seven, but in reality only six out of ten children start school. It is one of the lowest numbers among the countries of the world.
In the 1990s, one third of the children attended elementary school. Investments in the school led to almost 90 percent of the children entering the first six-year stage at the beginning of the 2010s. Armed conflict and other unrest from 2012 have caused that proportion to fall again. Hundreds of schools in central and northern Mali have been closed and sometimes destroyed due to the violence. The worst is the situation in the cities of Gao, Kidal, Timbuktu, Mopti and Ségou. The UN Children’s Fund Unicef estimates that around a quarter of a million children have been affected by closed schools as a result of the security situation.
- COUNTRYAAH: Country facts of Mali, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
After the first six-year stage, two three-year stages follow. At the higher stages, more than two-thirds of the students are absent. Fewer girls than boys attend school at all levels.
Formally, education is free of charge, but students in state schools have to pay for school uniforms and school supplies. In addition to armed conflict, this is an important reason why so many children are absent from school. In addition, the quality of education is low, as there is a shortage of educated teachers.
Teaching in state schools is conducted in French. There are also many Quran schools, where children are allowed to study the Qur’an and learn Arabic.
A national university was founded in Bamako in the mid-1990s. In addition, there are colleges with, among other things, teacher training and administrative training. Many Malaysians apply for higher studies abroad, for example to France or Senegal.
- Andyeducation: Introduction to education system in Mali, including compulsory schooling and higher education.
FACTS – EDUCATION
Proportion of children starting primary school
61.2 percent (2017)
Number of pupils per teacher in primary school
Reading and writing skills
33.1 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP
18.2 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of the state budget
18.2 percent (2015)
Increased prosecution against the coupler
Amadou Senogo, who has already been indicted for involvement in the kidnapping (see November 2013), is now also charged with murder, since mass graves with the remains of at least 30 people were excavated at the military junction headquarters outside Bamako. The sharpened prosecution can lead to a death sentence.
The EU is expanding its efforts in Mali
The EU agrees to send civilian personnel to train the country’s police force. At the same time, the EU decides to extend the Malian army’s training efforts for two more years.
After just over six months, Prime Minister Oumar Tatam Ly is leaving with his entire government. Unofficially, he is said to have been frustrated by the difficulties in fundamentally reforming the way the state administration operates. Moussa Mara, Minister of Planning, has been appointed new Prime Minister. He forms a government of 31 ministers, eight of which are women. National reconciliation is highlighted as the new government’s most important task.
A special court is established
The only task of the Court will be to investigate former President Amadou Toumani Touré. He is charged with his absence for treason, as he, in his capacity as commander-in-chief, was unable to prevent foreign troops from conquering parts of the country’s territory. Touré has been living in Senegal since he was deposed in the 2012 coup.
New regional organization is formed
Together with Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger and Chad, Mali forms a regional organization, G5 Sahel. The purpose of the organization is to strengthen cooperation on development and security in the Sahel region. The headquarters is located in Mauritania’s capital Nouakchott.
The relatively unknown politician Issiaka Sidibé is elected President of Parliament, an assignment that can give him the presidential post in the event of President Keïta’s resignation. Sidibé has been best known for being the father-in-law of the president’s son.
Islamist judge is arrested
The judge from Timbuktu must have led a Shari’a court during the time Islamists controlled northern Mali and had ordered the stabbing, amputations and stoning of women accused of infidelity. The judge has been regarded as one of the most influential leaders of the Islamist movement.
Agreement with Mauritania
Mali agrees with the neighboring country on increased military cooperation and the exchange of information in the fight against armed terrorists.