The school system has major shortcomings and the proportion of illiterates is among the highest in the world. Among men, the proportion of literacy or literacy is significantly higher than among women. Especially vulnerable are the women in the countryside.
The compulsory school is divided into three stages of two years each. After that, there are two stages of four and three years respectively. Formally, the school is compulsory and free of charge for children between the ages of 6 and 16, but in practice the proportion of children who start school is among the lowest in the region. In 2016/2017 77 percent of boys and 75 percent of girls started school, while only 29 percent of students went on to high school and high school. Still, it was a big lift from the early 00s. Many new schools have been built and more teachers have been recruited, especially in rural areas. Still, the teacher shortage is screaming and the classes are very large.
- COUNTRYAAH: Country facts of Burkina Faso, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
In recent years, increased violence from jihadist groups from jihadist groups has led to the closure of about 1,100 schools on several occasions. Particularly vulnerable are the northern and eastern parts of the country. At the beginning of 2019, 54,000 students were estimated to be affected.
There are three state colleges for post-secondary studies: a university in Ouagadougou, a technical vocational school in Bobo-Dioulasso and a teacher’s college in Koudougou. In addition, there are about 10 private colleges.
- Searchforpublicschools: Offers schooling information of Burkina Faso in each level – compulsory, technical and higher education programs.
FACTS – EDUCATION
Proportion of children starting primary school
76.4 percent (2017)
Number of pupils per teacher in primary school
Reading and writing skills
37.7 percent (2015) 1
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP
18.0 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of the state budget
18.0 percent (2015)
- women 28.3 percent, men 47.6sources
Kaboré announces state of emergency in violent provinces
President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré announces state of emergency in several violent provinces in the northern, western and eastern parts of the country. It will come into force on 1 January. The security forces are given, among other things, greater powers to search through people’s homes, and to restrict the residents’ freedom of movement. The week before, ten military police had been killed in an ambush in the village of Loron in Sourou province, near the Mali border, when they tried to extinguish a fire in a school. Groups like Jama’a Nusrat ul-Islam wa al-Muslimin (JNIM) and Ansarul Islam are suspected of a series of acts that have claimed a total of 255 lives since 2015.
French court approves extradition of François Compaoré
A French Court of Appeal decides that François Compaoré, brother of the former president and suspect of involvement in the murder of journalist Norbert Zongo in 1998, should be extradited to his home country. François Compaoré left Burkina Faso in 2014 when his brother was forced to leave power. in May 2017, the Burkese authorities issued an international arrest warrant for him, and he was arrested later that year in France. If François Compaoré is not extradited, according to Reporters Without Borders , it is likely that there will be no trial for the murder of Zongo. Three soldiers suspected of carrying out the murder are in custody in Burkina Faso, awaiting trial. François Compaoré appealed the decision.
Jihadist violence is forcing schools to close
The growing violence of jihadists has resulted in at least 300 schools being closed over the past three years. Teachers have been murdered, but also exposed to threats and harassment. Many children have also stopped going to school for fear of being subjected to violence.
Two soldiers are killed in road bomb attacks
Two soldiers are killed and three injured, two of them seriously injured when their vehicles drive on a homemade explosive charge on a road near Nassoumbou, not far from the Malian border.
Suspected jihadists are exempt from police station in the north
A police station in the city of Djibo in the north of the country is attacked by motorcycle attackers. No casualties are required when the policemen manage to escape, but several suspected terrorists are released from the detention. The increased jihadist violence in the north has forced about 220 schools to close, and up to 40,000 people have moved to Djibo from the surrounding countryside. Djibo has West Africa’s largest livestock market.
About 10 jihadists are killed in French air trees
About 10 jihadist rebels are killed in a French air raid in the northern part of the country, according to information from the Burkese defense force. France intervenes to report that a Burkese military police was killed by a group of heavily armed men.
Several dead in attacks in the north
At least six soldiers have been killed and several have been injured since their vehicle hit a homemade bomb, between Gayeri and Foutouri in the country’s east. Some day later, six policemen were killed in an ambush near Solle in the north, not far from the border with Mali.
Thousands in protest against violence and corruption
Thousands of people gather in Ouagadougou to protest against corruption and the escalating violence in the country’s northern parts. This is the biggest manifestation the opposition has gathered since Kaboré won the presidential election in late 2015. During September, there have been almost daily bomb attacks in the northern part of the country. No group has assumed responsibility for them.
Eight soldiers die in a mine explosion
Eight soldiers are killed when their vehicles run on a mine in the northern part of the country. They were part of a column that was on its way from Baraboule in Soum province to the city of Djibo.
Nine dead in two terrorist attacks
At least nine people, all civilians, are killed in two terrorist attacks in two villages, Diabiga and Kompienbiga, in eastern Burkina Faso. According to an unnamed source quoted by the AFP news agency, at least one of the killings has been directed at a Muslim leader and his family.
Seven dead in road bomb attacks
At least seven people are killed and six injured when their vehicles drive on a homemade road bomb. These are soldiers and military police who were on their way to the city of Pama in the east to strengthen security there after the police station caught fire.
Burkina Faso will vote on new constitution in 2019
The Election Commission announces that a referendum on a new constitution will be held in March 2019. Before the vote, voting lengths must also be updated. If the new constitution is adopted, the president will only be eligible for re-election. The proposal also includes mechanisms that allow the Constitutional Court to dismiss a president.
The terror is increasing in the east
Five military police officers and one civilian are killed when their column is attacked tens of miles from Fada N’Gourma, the capital of the eastern part of the country. After their vehicle hit a mine, it was fired. According to reports, violence has recently increased in the eastern part of the country. This could, according to experts, be due to jihadist groups being forced back into neighboring countries such as Niger and Mali. Abou Walid al-Saharaoui, a warlord belonging to the Islamic State of Greater Sahara (ISGS).
The death penalty is abolished
The National Assembly votes to abolish the death penalty, in conjunction with the adoption of new criminal law.
Burkina Faso breaks with Taiwan
24th of May
Burkina Faso breaks diplomatic relations with Taiwan, Foreign Minister Alpha Barry said. A few days later, it becomes clear that the country is making new contacts with China instead.
Three suspected jihadists are killed in Ouagadougou
Three suspected jihadists are killed when a firefight breaks out between them and security forces carrying a scare against a house in Rayongo on the outskirts of Ouagadougou. A fourth suspected person is captured in connection with the operation. A policeman is also killed in connection with the raid. According to Prosecutor Maiza Sereme, the people had planned new attacks in the Burkese capital in June. They must also have been associated with the Jamaat Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM) organization that attacked the army headquarters and the French embassy earlier this spring (see March 2018). The police must also have seized weapons, explosives and military uniforms in connection with the assault.
Drought leads to a lack of food
Nearly one-third of the population is at risk of food shortages, according to Agriculture Minister Niouga Ambroise Ouedraogo. As a reason, he states that the grain harvest will be less than expected in 22 of the country’s 45 provinces. In the past, the UN Children’s Fund has warned that just over 187,000 children over five years will suffer from severe malnutrition, due to drought and floods and difficulties for their families to find alternative ways of living. Particularly hard hit is the population of the northern part of the country, where the prices of basic food have risen extraordinarily.
133 dead in terrorist acts since 2015
According to official figures, 133 people have been killed in jihadist terrorist attacks in Burkina Faso since 2015. Many of the victims have been government employees.
One hundred arrests in the north and east
Burkese authorities have arrested about 100 people and seized explosives in the northern and eastern parts of the country, near the border with Mali, where jihadist groups are active.
Islamist attacks force 5,000 to flee
Islamist attacks across the border from Mali into the northern Burmese province of Soum have forced nearly 5,000 people to flee since the beginning of the year, according to the International Red Cross. A total of over 18,000 people have fled the area since September 2017. According to official figures, militant Islamists have carried out some 80 attacks in the province since 2015, and more than 130 people have been killed.
Free Trade Agreement in Africa
Burkina Faso is one of 44 countries to sign a Free Trade Agreement at the African Union Summit in Rwanda. The agreement must be ratified at the national level before the AFCFTA free trade area can become a reality, but it is seen as a historically important step towards increased trade exchange within Africa.
Trial against suspected coup makers is resumed
The trial of 84 persons suspected of involvement in the coup attempt against the transitional government in autumn 2015 will be resumed. It was interrupted a few weeks earlier when defense attorneys marched in protest against what they saw as the military court’s lack of legitimacy. They prosecuted, of which a former Foreign Minister (Djibrill Bassole) belonged to an elite union in the Presidential Guard, which in 2015 was loyal to former President Blaise Compaoré. The court consists of two professional judges and three military.
16 killed in two terrorist attacks in Ouagadougou
Two attacks are being carried out in the capital Ouagadougou, against the headquarters of the army and against the French embassy. Eight security personnel are killed, as are eight assailants. Burmese Security Minister Clement Sawadogo says a regional security meeting is likely to be a target for one of the deaths, but that the meeting had been moved to another venue. An Islamist group, Jama’a Nusrat ul-Islam wa al-Muslimin (JNIM), based in Mali, and linked to al-Qaeda , later takes on the death. A person is arrested a few days later, suspected of having planned the death. Since several of the assailants wore army uniforms, there are suspicions that they have been assisted by people in the Burkinian army.
Burkina Faso’s premier film director dies
Burkina Faso’s premier film director Idrissa Ouedraogo dies at age 64. His about 40 films are often about tensions between the countryside and the cities. In 1990 he won the film festival in Cannes with the film Tilai.