About 70% of the Southeast Asian population lives in the countryside, showing a strong link with primary activities. Thus, the bases of the economy of the countries in this region are agriculture and extraction, which results in the insertion of half of the economically active population in the primary sector.
Among the agricultural activities developed in Southeast Asia, rice cultivation is one of the highlights, which is carried out in most cases on the banks of rivers, more specifically, in the deltas of the Irrawaddy, Myanmar, Phraya floors, Thailand, Mekong and Vietnam. Another crop of great relevance to the Southeast Asian economy is rubber, especially in Malaysia, given that this is the largest producer of latex of plant origin in the world. The subcontinent is also a major producer of tea, sugar cane and black pepper, including the production of tin (Malaysia) and wood and oil (Indonesia). Indonesia, incidentally, is one of the members of OPEC (Organization of oil exporting countries), which brings together the largest oil producers in the world.
In the industrial sector, in general, production is restricted, as the primary activity is the most widespread and the countries have not yet entered an effective industrialization process. Despite this, some countries stand out in this productive segment, such as: Singapore, Thailand, Brunei and Malaysia. This is the result of huge investments from foreign capital, especially Japanese.
No country that integrates Southeast Asia is more prominent than Singapore, which has a relative recognition on the global stage, since it is among the emerging or developing economies in Asia, commonly called Asian Tigers.
Macao, Aomen, China’s south coast 60 km west of Hong Kong. Until December 1999, Macao was a Portuguese colony, then a special administrative region of China; 27.5 km2, 552,500 residents (2011). The area consists of a narrow peninsula on the mainland where the city of Macao is located, as well as the islands of Taipa and Coloane. The three parts are connected by bridges and road dams.
The climate is tropical with hot, humid summers; the winters are mild, fairly dry and sunny. Typhoons occur between May and September.
The population is predominantly Chinese, but also includes Macanese, descendants of mixed marriages between Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese and Malays. In addition, Portuguese and others. The official languages are Cantonese and Portuguese, but English is also used. Buddhism is the most widespread religion followed by Catholicism. The Catholic and colonial features of Macao’s history are seen in the many Catholic churches, in fortifications and in the old town houses in the southern European style. At the same time, ancient Chinese temples indicate the area’s affiliation. The oldest, the A-Ma Temple, is dedicated to the goddess of the seafarers.
Macao lives largely on tourism. The large gaming casinos attract visitors from especially Hong Kong and southern China. A large, export-oriented light industry sector manufactures textiles and clothing, fireworks, toys, artificial flowers and electronics. On Taipa and Coloane there is a small arable land which is mainly used for vegetables. Drinking water and most of the food is imported from China.
Macao is a regional trade and traffic hub with a free port, international airport, container facility, road to Guangzhou and high-speed ferries to Hong Kong.
Macao is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China. The form of government is limited democracy. The Constitution is made up of a Basic Law, which was approved by the Chinese National People’s Congress in 1993. The head of state is the president of China.
Macao’s head of government is elected by a 300 – member Nomination Committee recruited from a number of groups, organizations and central government bodies. The chief can be elected for two five-year terms and heads a ten-member administrative council. The members are appointed by the head of government and the council is accountable to the Chinese government.
A legislative council with 29 members resp. elected and appointed by universal suffrage and by the Head of Government. Members are elected for a four-year term.
The Portuguese colony was founded in 1557, and Macao’s heyday as a center of trade and mission lay in the 1600’s and 1700’s. From the 1850’s, the colony was outcompeted by Hong Kong, which became the new bridgehead for Western contacts with China after the Opium War. Macao was an escape destination for the Chinese both before and after the revolution of 1949, which also led to increased trade activity. China has had real political control over Macao since the 1960’s, and in 1999 it became the actual Chinese territory as a special administrative region.
Myanmar, country in Southeast Asia, see Burma. Myanmar became the official name of the country in 1989 when the military regime changed the name of the country and this name is internationally recognized. The change is political and is justified as a break with colonial times and English spelling. In addition, Myanmar marks a common national identity that encompasses all ethnic groups. It is a paraphrase of mrânmâ, an ancient word, possibly of Indian origin. In modern parlance, mrânmâ became bama, from which the word Burmese or Burmese and Burma are derived. The name Myanmar was also included in the official designation of the country before 1989.
Are you planning to attend an Asian college? Then, you have come to the right place! We have carefully reviewed each of 4-year colleges and universities in the continent of Asia and the following are the top 50 public and private programs listed by rank scores. The following colleges and universities in China, Japan, South Korea and other countries in Asia (refer to Countryaah.com for a full list of Asian nations) have been many times ranked by education experts based on their academic excellence and employment statistics. Please note that all universities were reviewed yearly based on their academic reputations, research ability and graduate performance.
#1. National University of Singapore – Singapore
#2. Tsinghua University – China Beijing
#3. Nanyang Technological University – Singapore
#4. King Abdulaziz University – Saudi Arabia Jeddah
#5. Peking University – China Beijing
#6. University of Tokyo – Japan Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo
#7. Weizmann Institute of Science – Israel Rehovot
#8. University of Hong Kong – Hong Kong Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong
#9. Chinese University Hong Kong – Hong Kong Shatin, New Territories
#10. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology – Hong Kong
#11. Kyoto University – Japan Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto
#12. Seoul National University – South Korea Seoul
#12. University of Science and Technology of China – China Hefei, Anhui
#14. Shanghai Jiao Tong University – China Shanghai
#15. King Abdullah University of Science & Technology – Saudi Arabia Thuwal
#16. Zhejiang University – China Hangzhou, Zhejiang
#17. Nanjing University – China Nanjing, Jiangsu
#18. Fudan University – China Shanghai
#19. City University Hong Kong – Hong Kong Kowloon, Hong Kong
#20. Tel Aviv University – Israel Tel Aviv
#21. Boğaziçi University – Turkey Istanbul
#21. National Taiwan University – Taiwan Taipei
#23. Sungkyunkwan University – South Korea Seoul
#24. Hong Kong Polytechnic University – Hong Kong Kowloon, Hong Kong
#25. Sun Yat-sen University – China Guangzhou, Guangdong
#26. Hebrew University of Jerusalem – Israel Jerusalem
#27. University of Malaya – Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur
#28. Osaka University – Japan Suita, Osaka
#29. Huazhong University of Science and Technology – China Wuhan, Hubei
#30. Harbin Institute of Technology – China Harbin, Heilongjiang
#31. Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology – South Korea Daejeon
#32. Tohoku University – Japan Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi
#33. Technion Israel Institute of Technology – Israel Haifa
#34. Korea University – South Korea Seoul
#35. Tongji University – China Shanghai
#36. Wuhan University – China Wuhan, Hubei
#37. Nagoya University – Japan Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi
#38. Tokyo Institute of Technology – Japan Meguro-ku, Tokyo
#39. Southeast University – China Nanjing, Jiangsu
#40. Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University – Georgia Tbilisi
#40. Kyushu University – Japan Higashi-ku Fukuoka, Fukuoka
#40. Texas A&M University at Qatar – Qatar Education City
#42. Yonsei University – South Korea Seoul
#43. Beijing Normal University – China Beijing
#43. King Saud University – Saudi Arabia Riyadh
#43. Xiamen University – China Xiamen, Fujian
#46. Pohang University of Science and Technology – South Korea Pohang, Gyeongbuk
#47. South China University of Technology – China Guangzhou, Guangdong
#48. Hunan University – China Changsha, Hunan
#49. Xi’an Jiaotong University – China Xi’an, Shaanxi
#50. National Tsing Hua University – Taiwan Hsinchu
Should you be interested in slangs or acronyms about Asia, you can follow AbbreviationFinder to see associations, fund, government or NGOs containing the location of Asia.