As of 2018, compulsory schooling applies from
six years of age and includes one year in preschool
class and nine years of primary school. The right to
preschool applies from one year of age and the vast
majority of children go to preschool for several years.
Almost everyone goes on to high school after elementary
General public school was introduced in 1842, when
each parish was obliged to hold at least one school.
Six-year school duty for the children was established in
1882, and it was gradually increased. A uniform
nine-year elementary school was fully introduced in the
academic year 1972/73 according to a decision ten years
earlier. In 1998, all six-year-olds were given a
preparatory school year, which has now become
Country facts of Sweden, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
Most primary and secondary schools are run by the
municipal authorities. The state defines the objectives
and stands for evaluation. Following a reform in 1991,
there is also a growing number of independent schools -
free schools - which, like the municipalities, are
tax-financed and fee-free. Just over four were high
school students and 15 percent of the elementary school
students attended a free school the academic year
After several years of alarms about deteriorating
quality of education and pupils with poor results, in
2010 a new school law was adopted which aims, among
other things, to increase the focus on knowledge in
teaching. Requirements increased for competent
personnel, more comparative knowledge measurements were
introduced and free schools were given the same
regulations as municipal schools. A new rating scale was
introduced, as were grades from the sixth grade instead
of as before from the eighth grade. The high school
received six university preparatory programs and twelve
vocational programs. Previously, all programs gave basic
college admission, although some were essentially
Two thirds of young people complete upper secondary
school in three years. Nearly half of those who have
left high school continue their education at one of the
country's colleges. Significantly more women than men
read at college. The number of university institutions
with the status of universities has increased in recent
years. Today there are 15 state universities and two
private, as well as some 30 colleges. Uppsala
University, founded in 1477, is usually regarded as the
country's oldest, even though Lund (in what was then
Denmark) had a college education somewhat earlier.
Adult education has old traditions in Sweden. Public
colleges are run by popular movements, organizations or
regions (former county councils). There is also
municipal adult education (Komvux), at primary and
- Educationvv: Provides school and education information in Sweden, covering middle school, high school and college education.
FACTS - EDUCATION
Proportion of children starting primary
99.4 percent (2016)
Number of pupils per teacher in primary
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of GDP
15.5 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of the state budget
15.5 percent (2015)
Wallström not welcome in Israel
No Israeli government representative is interested in
meeting Foreign Minister Margot Wallström when she
visits the region. In Palestinian self-government, she
is all the more welcome and both President Mahmoud Abbas
and Foreign Minister Riad Malki receive in Ramallah.
SD excludes the MP
Anna Hagwall becomes politically savage in Parliament
after the party has excluded her because of statements
that are described as anti-Semitic and which are
considered to have harmed the party. Hagwall suggested
in a motion that the press subsidy be abolished to
reduce the Bonnier Group's power.
The EU extends border controls
The EU gives a clear sign for Sweden to keep border
controls for another three months, despite the earlier
statement that they would be abandoned by New Year.
Denmark, Norway, Germany and Austria have also
introduced border controls.
Raoul Wallenberg is pronounced dead
Diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, who was captured by the
Soviet Union at the end of World War II and then
disappeared was declared dead, 71 years later.
Wallenberg saved thousands of Jews' lives in Budapest
before being taken away by the Russians. The Soviet
Union has stated that Wallenberg died in a prison in
Moscow in 1947, but the task has been called into
question. Now Wallenberg's family has nevertheless
requested that the Swedish Tax Agency declare him dead.
Raoul Wallenberg was born in 1912.
Pope's visit to Lund
Pope Francis participates in an ecumenical service
celebrating the 500th anniversary of the Lutheran
Reformation, at the cathedral in Lund. It is the first
time in 27 years that a pope is visiting Sweden.
The leaves of Saudi Arabia
The prime minister is visiting Saudi Arabia together
with a business delegation. He arouses criticism when he
avoids using the word "dictatorship" and talks about the
woman's position slowly getting better in the country.
He himself says in a comment that "the order is
restored" regarding the previous diplomatic crisis
between the countries (see March 2015).
Telia is required for billion in bribes
Authorities in the US and the Netherlands demand SEK
12 billion in settlement from the telecom giant because
of "unethical behavior" when the company established
itself in Uzbekistan (see also September 2015).
US Vice President visiting
US Vice President Joe Biden meets with Prime Minister
Stefan Löfven and other representatives of the
government and commends Sweden for the generous refugee
reception. He also warns of allowing Russia to build a
new gas pipeline under the Baltic Sea - a message that
assessors believe is the main reason for the visit.
Thread crime in focus
A debate about gang crime intensifies when an
eight-year-old boy is killed by a hand grenade in an
apartment in Biskopsgården in Gothenburg. A man written
in the apartment is one of eight who was sentenced
earlier this month to between seven years and life
imprisonment for interfering in an acclaimed shooting
drama at a restaurant in March 2015, when two people
were killed and eight injured.
Turkish protest against Wallström
Turkey calls itself Sweden's chargé d'affaires in
Ankara after Foreign Minister Margot Wallström tweeted
that Turkey should have decided to legalize sex with
children under 15 years. The background is a ruling in
Turkey's highest court that has raised protests in
Minister resigns after steering wheel
High School and Knowledge Lift Minister Aida
Hadzialic is leaving the government after she was found
to have 0.2 per cup of alcohol in her blood in a
sobriety check, which is the limit for drunk driving.
Hadzialic was the youngest minister to date in Sweden
when she took office in 2014. She is later replaced by
Scandal within the OAG
Misunderstandings with, among other things,
corruption of friendship cause the anti-corruption
agency Transparency International to demand that all the
national auditors resign. One of them has already left
her post, after it was revealed that she promised
high-profile services to acquaintances before they were
advertised, and tailored the job ads for them. The OAG
is a government agency with the task of examining how
government funds are managed.
Vattenfall is authorized to sell lignite operations
The government decides that the state-owned energy
company may sell its lignite operations in Germany. This
is a contentious decision as the business already causes
greater carbon dioxide emissions per year than the total
emissions in Sweden and sales can mean increased coal
mining. According to Vattenfall's owner directive,
adopted by the Riksdag 2010, the company must be a
leader in climate change and it must not open new
lignite mines, which a new owner can do. At the same
time, the Government is launching a so-called emission
brake, which means that Sweden will buy emission rights
that are then not used. Sales must be approved by the
Sweden gets a coveted UN place
When the General Assembly votes on which countries
will sit in the Security Council in 2017–2018, Sweden
secures one of the two seats that are important for the
Western European Group already in the first vote, with
134 of 193 votes. This means a success for the
government, which according to critics in the opposition
has run a campaign in which dictatorships have eroded
cohesion and excessive resources have been invested.
Strict asylum laws are adopted
The Riksdag approves a tightening of the asylum
policy, which means that temporary residence permits
become the norm instead of permanent ones. In order to
obtain a permanent residence permit, jobs and
self-sufficiency will usually be required. The law shall
apply for three years. The proposal has received strong
criticism but is adopted by a large majority.
Energy settlement across party boundaries
The government and the opposition reach an agreement
that is described as historic, with the goal that all
electricity will be renewable by 2040. Despite there
being no decision that nuclear power must be completely
discontinued then, and previous decisions that existing
reactors may be replaced remain. The decision also
includes that the tax on nuclear power should be phased
out gradually. At the same time, large investments are
made in wind and hydro power.
Border checks until November
Minister of the Interior Anders Ygeman says border
checks will remain until 11 November, citing security
being too low at the EU's external borders. The EU
approved extensions to the Scheng exceptions in May.
Prime Minister Löfven, as announced, presents some
changes to the government: Isabella Lövin, who has been
a development minister since before, is also given
responsibility for climate issues, and in addition
becomes deputy prime minister after Åsa Romson. New in
the government are Karolina Skog (MP) as Minister of the
Environment, Ann Linde (S) who becomes Minister of Trade
and EU and the former language speaker Peter Eriksson
(MP) who becomes Minister of Housing and Digitization.
Rwandans convicted of genocide
A 61-year-old man from Rwanda, now a Swedish citizen,
is sentenced to life imprisonment for genocide and
serious international crimes in his home country in
1994. He is also sentenced to pay damages to survivors
for a total of SEK 855,000. This is the first time such
damages are awarded in Sweden. See also June
MP chooses language tubes
The party congress elects Gustav Fridolin, but Åsa
Romson is replaced by Isabella Lövin, in accordance with
the nomination committee's proposal.
Strict punishment for convicted Syrians
A previously convicted man gets the sentence
sharpened to seven years and life imprisonment, since
Södertörn's district court reversed the trial. The man
is convicted of torture-like abuse but is now freed from
international law. He will also pay more than SEK
260,000 in damages to the victim. The High Court
reiterated the case for re-trial after the victim of the
abuse was identified (see February 2015).
Fi leaders jump off
Sissela Nordling Blanco leaves as party leader and
member of the party board in the Feminist initiative.
She continues as group leader in Stockholm City Hall.
See February 2015.
Storm within MP
The party's two language tubes Gustav Fridolin and
Åsa Romson make their seats available for the upcoming
congress. After Kaplan's departure, it has been
turbulent in the party since a proposed member of the
party board refused to take a female reporter in hand,
citing his Muslim faith.
The Minister of Housing resigns
Mehmet Kaplan from the Environment Party had been
criticized in the media and by the opposition for being
at the same dinner as a representative who is said to
have links with the right-wing Turkish organization the
Gray Wolves. It was then discovered that in 2009, he had
likened Israel's actions toward Palestinians to the
treatment of Jews by the Nazis, which led to increased
criticism of him.
Telia Sonera becomes Telia Company
The Group changes its name to try to improve the
brand, among other things after the corruption scandals
in Eurasia (see also September 2015).
Terrorist suspected Swedish arrest in Brussels
Belgian police seize 23-year-old Osama Krayem from
Malmö, suspected of involvement in the suicide attack in
the Belgian capital on March 22, which claimed over 30
people's lives. Krayem is arrested at the same time as
several others who are also suspected to have been
involved in the attacks in Paris on November 13, 2015,
when over 130 people were killed.
New lowering of the repo rate
The Riksbank lowers the repo rate another step, now
from -0.35 to -0.50 percent (see also February
Western Sahara is not recognized
Sweden will not recognize Western Sahara, the
government announces. The issue has been on the agenda
since the Social Democrats in 2012 - then in opposition
- voted to recognize the territory occupied by Morocco.
Relations with Morocco have been tense due to concerns
in Rabat that a recognition was imminent. No EU country
has yet recognized Western Sahara.
Wallström and Kommunal in windy weather
It is storming around Margot Wallström and above all
the Municipal when it emerges that the Foreign Minister
has been given a rental apartment in Stockholm's inner
city through the trade union. Wallström says she felt
cheated when she got guarantees that the union followed
the practice of housing queue. Many members leave
Municipal and resignation requirements are raised by
Chairman Anneli Nordström. She leaves a few days later.
Wallström not welcome in Israel
The message from the Israeli Foreign Ministry has
since the Foreign Minister called for an independent
investigation of the more than 150 cases where
Palestinians have been killed by security forces or
private individuals over the past three months. The
reason is suspicion that Israel is using
disproportionate violence. Israel's position is that all
were killed in connection with attempts to attack and
kill Israelis. A wave of acts of violence against
Israelis has claimed the lives of 26 Israelis during the
Sweden faces border controls
The new rules, which are an exception to the EU
Schengen rules, mean that travelers across the Öresund
Bridge must show identification. Train passengers are
forced to disembark in Copenhagen to show ID and change
platform. The upset is great in the Malmö region where
many commute across the strait.