The educational system in Slovakia is well
developed at all levels. Most children go to preschool
from the age of three and start primary school when they
turn six. The compulsory school covers nine years. More
than nine out of ten pupils continue to high school.
At the upper secondary level, students can choose
between different vocational programs and programs that
prepare them for higher studies. There are a number of
private schools, some of which are run by the Catholic
Church. The language of instruction is usually Slovak,
but in some areas there are schools with teaching in
Hungarian, Romani, German, Bulgarian or Routine. At the
high school, there are an average of 28 students in each
Country facts of Slovakia, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
Roman children, who often do not master the Slovak
language at the start of school, are rarely placed in
any kind of special schools or special classes even
though it violates the law. This means that they do not
have sufficient knowledge for further studies. Only a
few percent of the Romans complete high school.
In Slovakia there are about thirty universities and
colleges. The oldest is the University of Bratislava,
founded in 1467. Since the beginning of the 2000s, there
is a Hungarian-speaking university in the city of
Komárno. The number of students at the higher education
institutions has increased from 90,000 in the mid-1990s
to 140,000 in 2010.
- Educationvv: Provides school and education information in Slovakia, covering middle school, high school and college education.
FACTS - EDUCATION
Number of pupils per teacher in primary
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of GDP
10.3 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of the state budget
10.3 percent (2015)
Protests against refugee quotas are rejected
The European Court of Justice rejects Hungary and Slovakia's protest against
the quotas for the distribution of refugees within the Union decided by the
European Commission. The Court finds that the quotas are designed to relieve the
burden on the major beneficiary countries Greece and Italy jointly. The decision
cannot be appealed. Of the 160,000 refugees to be distributed among EU countries
in September 2015, almost 28,000 were received by other countries. Hungary's
quota was 1,294 and Slovakia's 802. Hungary has not received one of these and
Slovakia only a dozen. Poland had not appealed to the court but also refused to
accept allowance refugees. The Hungarian government describes the court decision
as "irresponsible" and a threat to the security of Europe as a whole. The Slovak
and Polish governments say that their resistance to receiving refugees from
other EU countries is firm.
"Government crisis solved", but unclear how
The three government parties say that the crisis is over and that they will
continue the cooperation. The party leaders say that they should draw up a
timetable for how the government agreement should be reworked. What changes
should be made are not stated. Prime Minister Fico emphasizes that Slovakia's
main interest is to belong to the core of closely cooperating EU countries, not
the EU-skeptical group of countries in Eastern Europe, and that a fresh election
would put an end to all plans to join the internal circle.
The coalition government is cracking down
The right-wing nationalist and EU skeptic party SNS leaves the government
coalition and demands that the agreement that formed the basis for government
cooperation be "adjusted". A spokesman for Prime Minister Fico said that new
talks should start immediately and that SNS leader Andrej Danko is expected to
explain his "absurd" action. The third government party, the Hungarian
minority's Bridge, says that everyone is resolved to resolve the crisis. The
three parties have 79 of the 150 seats in Parliament and none of them are
believed to be interested in a new election.
Protests against refugee distribution are rejected
The European Court's chief adviser, the Advocate General, rejects the appeal
by Slovakia and Hungary of the quota for the distribution of refugees adopted by
the European Commission in 2015. The Court does not have to follow the Advocate
General's advice, but usually does. A decision is to wait after the summer.
Protests against corruption
Nearly 10,000 people are demonstrating in Bratislava against alleged
corruption in the state administration and the judiciary's inability to bring
influential people to justice. The protests are mainly directed at Interior
Minister Robert Kaliňák, who had financial relations with a businessman who is
being investigated for tax fraud. The protesters demand that Kaliňák, who is
regarded as a second man in the government party Smer-SD, resign. Resignation
claims are also being directed against National Police Chief Tibor Gašpar and
Special Prosecutor Dušan Kováčik, who are accused of not dealing with the
Prosecutors want to ban right-wing extremists
Prosecutors urge the Supreme Court to ban the right-wing extremist party
L'SNS on the grounds that it is a threat to democracy. The party is the third
largest in Parliament since the 2016 election and is heavily profiled on
resistance to immigration and against the country's large Roma minority.
Mass protest against corruption
In one of the biggest government-critical demonstrations of several years, at
least 5,000 Slovaks are protesting against the corruption in the country,
demanding the resignation of Socialist Interior Minister Robert Kaliňák. He is
accused of being in close contact with a property manager who is suspected of
tax evasion. The protesters also demand that a six-year-old investigation into
the links between bourgeois politicians and businessmen be published.
Mosque ban is stopped
Parliament approves a proposal to ban mosques in Slovakia; However, the
country is the only one in the EU that completely lacks an official mosque.
Law on religious communities comes into force
A law requiring a religious community to have at least 50,000 members in
order to be officially registered and thus eligible for state support comes into
force. In December, President Kiska vetoed the law, which was considered to
discriminate against Muslims, but in January, Parliament adopted it again, thus
running over the president.
Special police against extremism and hatred
The government creates a special police force to fight extremism, terrorism
and hate crime. Prime Minister Fico justifies the decision with the increasing
fascism in much of Europe and so in Slovakia. Since 2016, the closest neo-Nazi
People's Party our Slovakia has been represented in the Slovak Parliament and
several members have stirred upset with Islamophobic and anti-Semitic outlets.
But Fico himself has been criticized for refusing to admit Muslim refugees into
the country and blaming the high unemployment rate in some areas of the Roma.