The eight-year compulsory school is formally
compulsory. The school became free in 2003 and since
then almost all children receive at least a few years of
schooling. Reading and writing skills have also
increased significantly. Teaching, especially in high
school and college, is considered to be of high quality
according to African dimensions.
The children should start school at the age of six.
Some may be older than that, but almost all of them
start school since the fees were abolished after the
change of power in 2002. The change led to 1.3 million
more students enrolling in teaching that year - an
increase of 22 percent compared to the year before.
Country facts of Kenya, including geography profile, population statistics, and business data.
Even small expenses for schooling previously made
many children completely absent from education. Many
poor children still quit school prematurely, as families
find it difficult to pay for materials, school uniforms
and bus trips to school.
The lack of resources in the school is great; there
is a shortage of premises, books and educated teachers.
In elementary school there are an average of 57 pupils
per teacher. The UN has contributed to specific
initiatives to give the nomadic children a chance to
attend school, for example by introducing mobile
classrooms, increasing the number of boarding schools
and by offering children food in school.
Almost half of the children go to preschool for a
year before starting first grade. Almost a third of
those who have passed eight continue to the four-year
high school, which has both vocational and college
preparatory courses. However, the absence is high in
high school. A few go on to higher education at one of
the country's many universities, colleges or technical
English is the dominant language of instruction,
although some children are taught in local languages
at least during the first three school years.
- Topmbadirectory: Offers information about politics, geography, and known people in Kenya.
FACTS - EDUCATION
Proportion of children starting primary
81.8 percent (2012)
Number of pupils per teacher in primary
Reading and writing skills
78.7 percent (2014)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of GDP
16.9 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on education as a
percentage of the state budget
16.9 percent (2017)
Security forces are accused of rape
Kenyan security forces are accused in a report by Human Rights Watch (They
were men in uniform) for having committed rape and other abuses against people
in areas where the opposition is strong in Nairobi, Mathare, Kibera, Dandora,
Kisumu and Bungoma. In most cases, it was group rape, but the police and other
men in uniform were also guilty of torture and serious abuse, according to
testimony in the report.
Drought and political turmoil strike the economy
The World Bank writes down its forecast for economic growth in 2017, from 5.5
percent to 4.7 percent. It is, according to the bank, the lowest growth figure
in five years. As an explanation, the World Bank cites drought, difficulties for
private companies to obtain credit and a long period of political unrest.
However, the bank predicts that a recovery will take place in both 2018 and
Nasa cancels "presidential ceremony"
Opposition Alliance Nasa announces that it is postponing the alternative
ceremony planned to appoint Raila Odinga as "President" on Kenya's Independence
Day. Representatives of Nasa say that now one should consult with several other
actors before proceeding both with the presidential ceremony and in the
formation of a people's assembly.
Opposition strategist is arrested at holiday resort
Opposition Alliance Nasa political strategist David Ndii is arrested by
police at a hotel in Kwale on the south coast, where he is on vacation. The
police who arrested Ndii belong to a crime prevention unit and have traveled
there from Nairobi.
Ndii has been commissioned by the opposition in Nasa to organize the People's
Assembly where it is supposed that Raila Odinga will be "sworn in" as president.
He is also one of Kenyatta's sharpest critics.
He is released a few days later, but the police investigation continues.
According to Odinga, the arrest is part of the government's attempt to silence
Continued concern despite conciliatory statements from Kenyatta
Uhuru Kenyatta is taking up his second term as president and promises to
build bridges to reduce fragmentation within the country. Participating in the
ceremony include Rwanda President Paul Kagame and Ethiopian Prime Minister
Police block off a place in Nairobi where the opposition had planned to hold
a prayer meeting to honor the victims of the recent political violence, leading
to clashes between police and opposition supporters.
Odinga also says he intends to organize a ceremony at another location on
December 12, where he himself will be sworn in as president.
The Supreme Court approves the re-election
20th of November
The Supreme Court approves the re-election to the presidential post held on
October 26. Chief Judge David Maraga says the court agreed on the decision. That
means Kenyatta will be able to take up his second term as president on November
Protests against the decision are breaking out in Nairobi and in western
Kenya. At least two people are shot dead in connection with it.
Riot in Nairobi's slum
Riot breaks out in Nairobi's slums since four people, three men and one
woman, were found dead in the Mathare area. According to police, it is unclear
what has caused their death, but there are suspicions that at least three of the
victims were killed after striking a blunt object. Representatives of the
opposition claim they were shot dead. According to an anonymous police source
quoted by the AFP news agency, the residents of Mathare and Kibera suspect that
the murders are ethnically motivated and that they have been carried out by the
criminal network Mungiki. Mungiki members, who are kikuys, are accused of being
behind much of the violence after the 2007 elections.
Unrest when Odinga returns from abroad
Five people are killed when police intervene against Odinga supporters
gathered in Nairobi to welcome their party leader returning home after a trip
abroad. At least two of the victims are reported to have been shot dead. The
police deny that they have shot at the protesters and say that the victims
should be hit by stones thrown by people who caught them stealing.
Odinga opens a dialogue with Kenyatta about constitutional changes
Opposition leader Raila Odinga proposes that an interim government be
appointed for a six-month period, while at the same time a revision of the
constitution should be done to limit the president's powers. The aim, according
to Odinga, is to reduce the risk that minority groups who consider themselves
excluded from power will resort to violence. He says he's prepared to have a
dialogue with President Kenyatta about this.
The re-election is appealed to the Supreme Court
The businessman and former MP Harun Mwau are appealing to the Supreme Court
to persuade it to also declare re-election to the presidential post. He argues
that it was wrong for one of the candidates to stand on October 26 despite
having gone bankrupt and that the Election Commission (IEBC) should have opened
the field for new nominations. A similar appeal also comes from the Kenyan
branch of the International Law Commission and Khelef Khalifa, the leader of
Muslims for human rights. It states, among other things, that a member of the
Election Commission has moved the country, and that even its chairman Wafula
Chebukati said that the IEBC could not guarantee that the election would go
Controversial electoral law comes into force
The new and controversial changes to the electoral law come into force (see
September 2017). President Kenyatta has not actively given his approval, but it
is beginning to apply as he has not returned it to Parliament.
Among other things, the change in the law makes it more difficult for the
Supreme Court to annul an election that happened after the presidential election
Odinga calls for peaceful protests
Opposition leader Raila Odinga rejects the result in the re-election which he
calls a "scam". He also talks about his party alliance forming a "national
resistance movement" and a people's assembly to "restore" democracy in the
country. He also pleads for peaceful protests, civil disobedience and economic
Kenyatta's rolling victory is declared
The Election Commission announces that President Uhuru Kenyatta has been
re-elected with 98 percent of the vote. The turnout is reported to have reached
38 percent. Kenya's rival Raila Odinga, who called for a boycott of the
election, received just under 1 percent of the vote, according to the Election
Commission. Protests erupt in western Kenya and in Nairobi's slums when the
election results are announced. Since the election day on October 26, nine
people have lost their lives in election-related violence.
Still worrying about the election; plans for re-election are canceled
Protests against the election continue and two people are shot dead by
police. Election Commission President Wafula Chebukati announces that
re-election will be held in some of the places where protests prevented the
polling stations from opening but change later that day on the grounds that
officials' safety cannot be guaranteed.
Low turnout in the re-election to the presidential post
The re-election to the presidential post is scheduled to be held in most of
the country, but security is high. Violence occurs in Nairobi, Kisumu and
Mombasa, among others, where protesters meet with police. At least three people
are killed, including a teenage boy being shot to death by Kisumu police.
In areas where the opposition is strong, a majority of voters hear Odinga's
call for boycotts. In their quarters, voters are prevented from going to the
polling stations by stone-throwing children and young people, and in many
quarters many election workers stay at home out of concern to be drawn into the
violence. According to Kenyan media, turnout is significantly lower now than it
was in August.
No new HD decision on the choice
The Supreme Court (HD) cancels a scheduled session, because too few judges
appear. HD would, at the last minute, process a request by the Khelef Khalifa of
the Muslim Human Rights Organization and several other human rights activists
that the election should be postponed for 90 days because the Election
Commission is not adequately prepared. Several other appeals would also have
At least five judges must be present in order for the court to be
decision-making. HD's Vice Chairman belongs to the four who did not show up. The
day before, her bodyguard was shot in an assault. However, the judge did not sit
in the car when fired.
President of the Election Commission: "We cannot guarantee a fair election"
Wafula Chebukati, President of the Election Commission, states in a statement
that he cannot guarantee that the presidential election on October 26 can be
properly conducted and produce a fair result unless parts of the Commission's
permanent staff are replaced.
At the same time, opposition leader Raila Odinga is calling for mass protests
during Election Day.
Temporary stop for demonstration ban
A Nairobi High Court is temporarily suspending the demonstration ban imposed
by Security Minister Fred Matiangi in three cities. Matiangi has also threatened
to sue a high-ranking Nasa politician Norman Magaya for the damage caused by the
protests. The High Court decides that he cannot be arrested before the court
decides whether the demonstration ban, which Nasa claims violates the Kenyan
constitutional right to protest, is compatible with the law.
Election Commissioner flees Kenya after death threat
Roselyn Akombe, one of the members of the Election Commission (IEBC), leaves
her mission and flees Kenya after receiving death threats. She says that the
work within the Commission is completely paralyzed and that IEBC is unable to
make any decisions. She further emphasizes that it is not possible for the
Election Commission to organize a credible election until October 26.
At least two dead in connection with opposition protests
On October 11, the government faces a ban on demonstrations in the central
parts of Nairobi, Kisumu and Mombasa. This happens since the opposition urged
daily protests to demand electoral reform.
However, smaller groups of opposition supporters choose to defy the ban in,
among others, Kisumu and Mombasa, where the police use tear gas to disperse the
protesters. About 20 people are injured.
In Bondo, Raila Odinga's hometown, in the southwest, two people are shot to
death by police as they try to storm a police station.
Eight candidates are allowed to take part in the new presidential election
The confusion is growing around what will apply when the presidential
election is re-elected on October 26. The National Assembly has approved the new
electoral law (see also September 2017), which states that no new election will
be held if a candidate resigns, and that the candidate remaining wins the
election. For it to come into force, the approval of the president is also
The law will probably not apply to the upcoming presidential election, since
Odinga jumped off before the law change had been made. In addition, a court, the
High Court, decides that another candidate, Ekuru Aukot, who received less than
one percent of the vote in August, may stand. As a result, the Election
Commission allows all eight candidates who participated in the August election
to participate. This also applies to Odinga who has not yet submitted the
official document that must be signed before he can withdraw from the election.
At the same time, the police are putting tear gas on opposition supporters
who are demanding electoral reform.
Odinga withdraws from the presidential election
Raila Odinga announces that he will resign from the new presidential election
on October 26. He says he thus wants to give the Election Commission reforms. He
also calls on the Kenyans to protest on October 11 under the slogan "no reforms,
Uhuru Kenyatta says the election will be held as planned even if Odinga does
not stand, and that he is confident that he will receive more votes than in the
August election. However, it is unclear if the election will be valid if only
one candidate is running. At the same time, Vice President William Ruto calls on
the Election Commission to appoint Kenyatta as the winner of the election.
Political unrest beats the economy
The uncertainty surrounding the election in August led to a decline in
economic activity in the country. The same is true even now when the
presidential election is about to be redone, while parts of Kenya suffer
drought. The government is writing down growth figures slightly from 5.7 percent
to 5.5 percent. But some analysts believe it will be lower than then and point
out that large public investment hides the fact that consumption is declining.
At least 37 dead in violence after the election
At least 37 people were killed during three days of unrest following the
August 8 election. Some of them were shot dead by police, others were beaten to
death with the help of clubs, according to the human rights organization Kenya
National Commission on Human Rights.
New protests against the Election Commission
Protests against the IEBC Election Commission, despite criticism from the
Supreme Court, to organize the new presidential election in October, occur in
both Nairobi and Mombasa. Police are trying to disperse the protesters using
Opposition leader Raia Odinga has urged her supporters to protest against
IEBC's role in the election.
The opposition criticizes proposals for a new electoral law
The government's proposal for a new electoral law provokes opposition from
the Nasa opposition, which says it would change the rules of the game for Kenyan
elections. According to the bill quoted in the media, JP proposes that if only
one candidate remains in a presidential election, they should be able to be
elected president without having to hold elections, but also that it should be
punishable when someone refuses to sign election documents with the result, or
change or falsify. the. If an election is annulled, such as the August
presidential election, only the politician who has filed a petition and has been
given the right to stand. If the other persons have filed the petition, all
previous candidates may also stand in the new round of elections.
JP, who has his own majority in the National Assembly, makes sure to speed up
the whole process.
The State Prosecutor orders an investigation by the Election Commission
Kenya's state prosecutor orders the police and anti-corruption authority to
investigate whether members of the election commission have shown negligence in
connection with the presidential election. They will, among other things,
investigate the allegations made by the opposition to eleven named members of
the electoral commission, but also whether leading opposition politicians had
access to the commission's servers, as the government says.
The new presidential election is moved to October 26
The Election Commission announces that the new presidential election is
postponed until October 26. The decision is justified by the fact that more time
is needed to prepare for the election.
HD: The election commission's mistake undermined the presidential election
The Supreme Court blames the Election Commission (IEBC) for the problems
surrounding the presidential election. A major problem, according to the court,
is that the IEBC presented a result, before it could be verified that it was
correct. Among other things, because all forms had not yet been reported and
some of them lacked a watermark, signatures or serial number (a number of forms
were still missing four days after the election). Nor could the Commission
explain why they were missing.
Another was that the Election Commission, despite the court, did not allow
their servers to be opened for review, which failed to refute the opposition's
allegations that the computer system had been hacked.
Incidentally, the court granted the election, nor has it found any evidence
that Kenyatta had used state funds for her campaign.
Outside the courthouse, police deploy tear gas to prevent protesters, from
the opposition and government supporters, from clashing together.
Death threat to HD judges
At a press conference, Supreme Court President David Maraga says he and
several of his colleagues have been subjected to death threats after their
decision to annul the presidential election. Maraga also emphasizes that police
protection of them is insufficient. He also criticizes President Uhuru Kenyatta,
although he does not mention him by name, for his statements that the court
should "learn its homework". Kenyatta has also suggested that the HD judges had
been paid by "foreigners and other fools".
Outside the courthouse, supporters of the ruling party demonstrate JP. Police
use tear gas to disperse the protesters. Elsewhere in the country, Kenyatta's
sympathizers have blocked roads in several cities.
The opposition boycott Parliament's opening
The opposition parties from Nasa do not participate when the new parliament
is assembled. They say that the ceremony should have been postponed until after
the new presidential election, and that Uhuru Kenyatta, as the situation looks,
is not entitled to address Parliament as president. The Supreme Court judge is
also absent and only one opposition member is present. In his speech to
Parliament, Kenyatta warns of a situation where the contradictions and divisions
in politics pose a threat to the stability of the country.
At the same time, the opposition alliance Nasa is gathering in the slum area
of Kiberia in Nairobi and demands, among other things, that the president of
the election commission resign.
One sign of the high tone prevailing is that a few days earlier Kenyatta said
that if Odinga wins the new presidential election, he will be faced with
national law within three months. Something that might be possible because of
his party JP's strong position in Parliament.
Another signal that the political climate is hardening is that the number of
cases of incitement against ethnic groups is increasing. A JP senator and a
former opposition senator are being sued for such statements, but are released
New presidential election on October 17
Election Commission President Wafula Chebukati announces that the new
presidential election will be held on October 17 and that it will stand between
two candidates Uhuru Kenyatta and Raila Odinga.
Odinga says, however, that he wants certain conditions to be fulfilled for
him to stand in the election, including the replacement of six high-ranking
members of the election commission and that all eight candidates who
participated in August should be allowed to participate.
At the same time, he may find it difficult to hear his demands, as the
Commission members are appointed by the President and then must be approved by
The Supreme Court rejects the presidential election
The Supreme Court decides that the presidential election should be annulled
because irregularities have occurred and that the election has not been
conducted in accordance with the constitution. The Court orders that a new
presidential election be held within 60 days. However, the court does not agree,
it is four of six judges who refuse the election, one judge casts his vote.
The court will present more details about the decision within 21 days.
Also in 2013, Odinga appealed the election to the Supreme Court, which then
approved the election result. Unlike then, he has now focused on errors in the
procedure when the results were submitted. In 2013, he tried to prove how much
cheating had occurred.
Odinga naturally welcomes the decision and points out that he lacks
confidence in the Election Commission and that it must be replaced before
elections can be held. And that the members of the Election Commission should be
Kenyatta says the law must be followed even if he does not agree with the
court. At the same time, the president is calling for calm, while opposition
supporters in western Kenya are celebrating the re-election.
A day later, however, Uhuru Kenyatta says he will "fix" the courts if he is
The court's ruling leads to a 4 percent stock market decline in Nairobi.
Infrastructure investments are promised when the new parliament is assembled
President Kenyatta and the Jubilee Party (JP) return to the National Assembly
and Senate with a stronger mandate than before the election. According to
Raphael Tuju, JP's secretary general, the government will use its new position
to fulfill its election promises on a tighter state budget and investments in
new infrastructure. The deficit in the state budget is still expected to land at
around 6 percent of GDP for the 2017/2018 financial year.
Kenyatta wants to lower MPs' salaries
President Kenyatta announces plans to cut MPs' wages, but also his own, by 15
percent. A proposal that is also supported by Odinga and Nasa, and which entails
savings of almost $ 800 million a year.
Kenyan MPs earn the equivalent of $ 7,200 a month, and are exempt from paying
taxes. The compensation also includes other benefits, such as cars and
The MPs themselves object to the proposal, saying, for example, that they use
their own funds to help voters in their constituencies.
Certainly reaches HD
The Supreme Court opens the preparation of Raila Odinga's appeal of the
result in the presidential election. The Court gives Nasa's lawyers access to
the Election Commission's servers. The case will be decided no later than
December 1, when the seven judges will give their verdict.
Already on Election Day, Raila Odinga claimed that the computer system hacked
to give Kenyatta victory. The opposition also accuses IEBC of forging documents
from constituencies, pointing out that it took several days for the results to
be published on the election commission's website.
Kenya bans plastic bags
Kenya bans all use of plastic bags. Anyone who manufactures, sells or carries
a plastic bag risks a fine of up to the equivalent of $ 38,000 or imprisonment
for up to four years. The purpose of the ban is to protect the environment.
Odinga appeals in court
Opposition leader Raila Odinga and his party alliance Nasa are appealing to
the Supreme Court to have the results of the presidential election tried. It
only happens 90 minutes before the time limit expires at midnight. The message
is worrying that new violence will erupt after the August 8 elections.
At the same time, in a statement, Nasa demands that the entire election be
The appeal has been preceded by intense negotiations between Odinga and more
conservative Nasa politicians such as Musalia Mudavadi and Kalonzo Musyoko who
opposed new protest actions. Both Mudavadi and Musyoko are believed to be
candidates for the next presidential election in 2022.
Police raids against human rights organizations
Police carry out tax raids against the African Center for Open Governance
(AfriCOG) and Kenya's Commission on Human Rights (KHRC). Both organizations have
played a prominent role in, among other things, the monitoring of elections. The
government has also sent a letter threatening to close the groups, citing that
they have been guilty of tax violations, which has been criticized by the UN,
Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch , among others . However, it backs
away from this and says that calls should be initiated with AfriCOG and KHCR.
Opposition protest attracts few
After the official result of the presidential election was announced on
August 11 protests out in Nairobi and Kisumu, where the opposition is strong.
But relatively few Kenyans obey Raila Odinga's call for people to stay home from
work on August 14 to express their displeasure with the Election Commission. One
reason for this is that many people cannot afford to stay home from work.
Several players, both at home and abroad, urge Odinga to proceed through the
courts instead of calling for new protest actions.
According to the human rights organization Kenya's Commission on Human Rights
(KHRC) , at least 24 people have been shot dead by police in connection with
protests after Election Day. Nasa claims at least 100 people have been killed.
According to the government, the death toll is lower: 10. Police claim that the
majority of protesters were armed criminals.
The president, however, calls on the police to show restraint.
The Election Commission rejects fraud charges
The Election Commission rejects Raila Odinga's allegations of electoral
fraud. At the same time, reports that protests erupted in strong opposition
parties in Nairobi and Kisumu in western Kenya the day after the election. The
authorities also reject information that people have been killed in connection
with the protests.
Musalia Mudavadi, a leading opposition representative, says that data from
"secret sources" show that it is Odinga who has won the election by 300,000
votes margin (he claims that Odinga received just over 8 million votes against
Kenyatta's just under 7.8 million votes). However, no evidence is given for the
claim. In Kisumu, hundreds of young men gather to celebrate Odinga's victory.
Even in the slum area of Mathare in Nairobi, opposition supporters who scan
"Uhuru must resign" meet.
Odinga claims in a speech in Kiberia that the government organized death
patrols that would inflict on "innocent people" in slums in Nairobi and Kisumu.
International election observers, from the Commonwealth countries and the
American Carter Institute, among others, give Kenya praise for how the election
has been conducted and that no signs of manipulation have been seen.
However, the IEBC Election Commission has not followed its own rules, as it
has not been able to present all forms from the constituencies, which should
constitute the official result.
Kenyatta wins the presidential election, accusations of electoral fraud
President Uhuru Kenyatta calls for calm before the election and calls on all
of the 19 million voters to vote. Before the election, security has been
strengthened around the 41,000 polling stations and over 6,000 domestic
observers are in place to monitor that everything is going right. Some technical
problems are reported during Election Day, which has largely been calm.
Kenyatta is re-elected as president with just over 54 percent of the vote
ahead of Raila Odinga, who gets just under 45 percent. Odinga believes, however,
that cheating has occurred, partly because the result was presented without the
necessary documents but only from the web. He claims that the Election
Commission's IT system has been hacked.
In addition to presidential elections, elections are also held for the
National Assembly and Senate, as well as governors and representatives of local
Kenya's Jubilee Party (JP) also has success in the governorship election,
where JAP and its allies win 27 of the 47 items that were at stake. 17 governor
posts went to Nasa and related parties. The other 3 governor positions go to
In 20 of the cases, losing candidates have questioned the results.
JP wins his own majority in the Senate, and also has successes in the
election to the National Assembly. Nasa has not set up as a political unit in
the elections, but the candidates have participated as representatives of
individual parties, which disadvantaged them, as they have taken votes from each
other in many places and thus facilitated JP candidates.
However, the official result of the elections to the National Assembly and
Senate is delayed. According to media reports, JP and allied parties have
received 213 of the 349 seats in the National Assembly and 38 of 67 Senate
Voters should be helped to reveal fake news
A few days before the general elections, Kenyan voters receive advice and
tips in a broad advertising campaign in newspapers and radio and on Facebook on
how to learn how to see fake news. During the electoral movement, several widely
disseminated tasks that discredited candidates were revealed as scams.
A member of the electoral commission is murdered
One of the leading members of the Election Commission is found murdered in
his home just over a week before the parliamentary election. The body carries
traces of torture. The murdered Chris Msando was head of information and IT
matters at the Election Commission. It is unclear if the murder has a direct
link to the election.
The Vice President's residence is being attacked
After 20 hours of siege of Vice President Ruto's residence near the town of
Eldoret, elite soldiers shoot to death a man armed with a jungle knife has
entered the housing complex. After seriously injuring a guard, he takes an
officer hostage inside a gunfight. The drama ends with both the assailant and
the hostage being killed. Ruto and his family are not at home.
Presidential debate without president
President Uhuru Kenyatta does not appear without explanation from a scheduled
TV broadcast debate with chief opponent Raila Odinga. Earlier, the president
answers questions on the internet and promises to create 6.5 million new jobs in
the next five years if he is re-elected. Odinga says, when he is interviewed
alone in the TV studio, that his main goal is to lower food prices and rents and
to do something about youth unemployment. At the same time as the August 8
presidential election, Kenyans elect new parliament and local parishes.
Asians are recognized as a domestic group
Kenyans of Asian - usually Indian - descent are recognized as Kenya's 44th
ethnic group. The recognition applies to those who have Kenyan citizenship by
virtue of their parents being born in Kenya. Skeptics see recognition a few
weeks before general elections as a form of voice fishing.
Nine are killed in terrorist attack
At least nine people are shot or killed in two coastal villages near the
border with Somalia. The police suspect the murders were carried out by the
Islamist al-Shabaab movement. The murders occur a few days after three police
officers were killed in a guerrilla attack on a police station in a nearby town.
Kenyatta and Odinga hope for TV debate
Both major candidates in the presidential election, Uhuru Kenyatta and Raila
Odinga, are jumping off a planned TV debate ahead of the election. This has
happened since the TV company changed the format, so that Kenyatta and Odinga
instead of just debating with each other would also meet six candidates from
At least three policemen are killed by al-Shabaab
At least three policemen are killed when al-Shabaab attacks a police station
in the town of Pandanguo near the Somalia border. An unknown number of villagers
are missing, according to media reports. Throughout the day, fire fights between
militiamen and security forces are ongoing.
This is just one of several attacks by the Somali group in the border area
and at least 28 people are reported to have been killed since mid-May.
Concerns about the violence around the election
The EU warns of the risk of violent clashes ahead of the August 8
presidential and parliamentary elections. While Human Rights Watch say they have
received reports of intimidation and harassment of the population in Naivasha, a
town that was exposed to violence following the elections of 2007.
Care and education initiatives in Jap's election manifesto
Care and education are prioritized when the JAP government presents its
program for the August elections. Promises include free, high-quality primary
care for all Kenyans and free high school education, as well as an investment in
housing construction. All Kenyans will have access to electricity by 2020 if JAP
is able to fulfill what it promises. There is no mention of the major problems
in the healthcare sector, which led to a series of strikes and protests during
the past spring.
New rule should counteract fraud
The Court of Appeal decides that all results in elections must be determined
at the constituency level. Previously, this has happened at national level. The
National Electoral Commission IEBC has opposed the change, citing that it
increases the risk of local electoral workers being pressured.
The measure is introduced to reduce the risk of electoral fraud when ballots
are shipped from electoral level to IEBC.
Eight may try to become president
The Election Commission approves eight candidates for the August presidential
election, including incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta and his constant rival
Odinga Opposition candidate
The new opposition alliance Nasa (see January 2017) appoints
Raili Odinga as its joint candidate for the August presidential election.
The government stops state advertising
The Kenyan government bans government agencies from advertising in private
media. Instead, this will be done through a new magazine My.Gov.The purpose is,
it is claimed, to save money. The measure is expected to lead to major financial
disruptions for the media. Two newspapers Star and People Daily have, for a fee,
undertaken to distribute the newspaper through their channels.
Judges intervene against strike leaders
A judge orders that the leaders of the medical profession be arrested. This
is done after many doctors at publicly owned hospitals have been striking since
December 2016 to put force behind their demands for better wages and working
conditions. A series of corruption scandals within the Ministry of Health has
led to public support for the medical strike has grown, despite the fact that
several patients are reported to have died because of it. Already at the end of
2016, a court ruled that the strike violates the law, but then the authorities
did not intervene against the union in the hope that the parties could reach a
negotiated solution. Among other things, the medical profession requires that an
agreement from 2013 be fulfilled, according to which wages should be increased
by 150-180 percent. The government says it can only agree on wage increases of
Nearly 3 million Kenyans are threatened by starvation
Severe drought in 23 of Kenya's 47 counties leads to President Kenyatta
announcing a "national disaster" in the country. The government announces
support measures for the equivalent of just over $ 100 million, but at the same
time appeals for international support to be able to help those affected.
According to the authorities, 2.7 million people are at risk of starvation.
Court: Fail to close Dadaab
The Kenya High Court blocks the government's decision to close the Dadaab
refugee camp. According to the judge, the decision contravenes the constitution
by unilaterally targeting a group, the Somalis. The government has 30 days to
al-Shabaab launches new attack on Kenyan base in Somalia
Extremist group al-Shabaab takes up a military base in Somali Kulbiyow, less
than two miles from the Kenyan border. It claims to have killed at least 57
The opposition alliance Nasa is launched
The opposition alliance Nasa (see December 2016) is formally
launched at a meeting in Nairobi. In addition to Cord, there are four other