Background: they have 4 g LTE phones in the United States, so why is there no 4 g phones in Europe and Denmark. We go behind and gives you the answer.
When you look at our site. United States, so has the 4 g LTE network almost everywhere, and the big companies such as AT & T and Verizon already sells phones with built-in 4 g LTE.
But at home in little Denmark, we have not seen a shred of a 4 g LTE phone yet, and the closest we have come on a 4 g product is Samsung Galaxy Tab 8.9.
But we have lots of 4 g LTE network in Denmark, where both TDC and Vodafone already is well underway with the rollout, and the phone company 3 jumps, as you know, also on the bandwagon for September.
So why have we yet to see phones with built-in 4 g in Denmark – Yes, why have we not seen some in Europe?
In fact, the question is one of the questions we get most often at our site. Below you can read the answer.
Many good excuses
There may be many good excuses and explanations on the issue.
Even though many consumers have the impression that the sale of phones will be dictated by the wishes of consumers, then it is still far from reality. It is in a very large extent the telecommunications organizations, which determines the development and which phones consumers can buy.
Many will probably argue that they shame themselves choose their phone, but the fact is that the vast majority of phones are sold through telecom companies ‘ distribution networks.
Telecommunications companies have great influence on what phones that consumers generally have the option of buying.
Can a large telecommunications company Deutsche Telecom, Telia or Vodafon don’t like a particular brand or phone model, so comes the mark not entered the market, and a very large proportion of consumers, will never ever get to know the brand/model.
In the area of telecommunications industry is actually not that much different than so many other industries such as apparel business. Consumers choose well enough even their clothing, but mature and the Committee is controlled by the fashion industry.
With the background knowledge, so we can take a closer look at the telecommunications companies ‘ world, for with their great influence, so this is where we should look for the reason for the lack of 4 g LTE phones.
One of the most obvious explanation is the difference between the European and u.s. telecommunications market, and which formerly technologies we have used on the two continents.
We take a look into that part of the telecommunications market, as normal people do not delete the interests themselves, but which actually has a large influence on the selection of phones at your local telecom store.
In order to get a complete overview, so we will have to look a little on the European and u.s. telecommunications market, though the similarities, in fact is quite different.
The battle for standards
In the United States have the previous bet very hard on their own 2 g standard, CDMA, for mobile telephony. While the rest of the world chose the European GSM system, so keep the Americans that their own CDMA system was better.
2 g to 3 g and was again chosen Americans to upgrade their system to a newer standard – CDMA CDMA2000. In Europe, we got 3 g standards WCDMA and later was this standard upgraded a number of times, with corresponding higher speeds.
This had the consequence that whilst we are at home in Denmark have access to download speeds on theoretical 32 Mbit/s (and soon the 64 Mbit/s) over 3 g, so sitting Americans stuck in a system where they can download a maximum of 9.3 Mbit/s.
It is primarily the largest u.s. telecommunications company Verizon, and the trejdestørste company Sprint, as well as a whole series of smaller regional telecommunications companies that have expanded their network with CDMA and CDMA2000.
The two other nationwide u.s. telecommunications companies, AT & T and T-mobile use GSM and WCDMA technology, and they have therefore not quite the same challenges, which also means that both of these companies only recently has begun to upgrade to 4 g LTE.
Just as in the United States, so that we in Europe have experienced an explosive development in mobile broadband, and that fly daily several thousand gigabytes of data through the air in every Danish municipality.
But unlike the United States, so has the European telecommunication companies far more easily be able to follow the development, and continuously upgraded their network to be able to transport the growing amounts of data.
In the United States hitting the telecommunications companies against CDMA2000 ceiling of 9.3 Mbit/s download speed, and so there is only one other solution; More frequencies and major investments in network equipment.
Confusing frequency market
You can by using several frequencies offer more capacity. But in the United States operates the telecommunications market is not quite as in Europe. Licenses for frequency ranges can be bought, sold and traded nearly after forgodt ill, and licenses for frequency spectrum are usually offered not to larger areas of transition-they offered URf.eks. in certain “markets”, which can mean in the specific areas of a single State.
It has the consequence that telecommunications companies might in the sparsely populated Utah has plenty of capacity and frequencies, while even the same company desperately missing frequencies in California.
At the same time, the US authorities have not made too many demands on the commissioning of frequency spectrum, which in turn means that some companies simply can buy licenses for frequency ranges, and let them sleep in the tray, to prevent competition in other areas.
There are examples of several cable TV companies that have purchased licenses in their areas, so that mobile broadband can not compete with cable-TV companies own networks that can also provide internet access. Or, to be more precise, so these companies claim that they had plans to use their licenses, but they just never reached so far.
The consequence is that you may be able to buy frequencies for a high price, but it is not safe to use frequencies, as most technologies is optimized for URf.eks. frequencies of 850, 1,700 or 2,300 MHz.
Again, the answer is 4 g LTE as the technology is highly scalable. It can run at different frequencies and different sizes frequency blocks – URf.eks. from 1.4 MHz up to 40 MHz.
The same problems with frequencies, we look not at all in Europe, since it is from European teams simply have appointed some frequency ranges, which must be used for mobile telephony.
These frequency ranges have been so similar in the whole of Europe, which is also one of the reasons that the GSM/WCDMAs great distribution. At the same time, then called for commissioning, as well as a requirement for coverage.
It costs so the American telecommunication companies large sums of money, having to extend their kapaciet with license for frequencies and new network equipment.
However, in front of the United States is in one area. They have for many years used frequencies in the 700 MHz. These frequencies are very suitable for 4 g LTE, and the US telcos have reused these frequencies for 4 g LTE, which has helped companies with a fast roll-out of their network.
At home we have first last month held an auction of the so called 800 MHz frequencies, as our site can take into use 1. January 2013.
While the Americans for several years have widespread 4 g LTE over 700 MHz, so it is only now that we in Denmark, among other things, the whole process begins with 800 MHz that can provide nationwide 4 g LTE network.
Precisely this fact is also one of the reason that Americans already have 4 g LTE phones-their networks are simply in place, which it is not yet in Europe.
3 g is already very widespread
Third-generation networks are already widely used in Europe compared with the United States. And in fact, it is also a good reason not to throw a 4 g LTE phone on the market.
What benefit will a 4 g LTE phone had on a market, where ordinary 3 g smartphones can download almost as fast, and at the same time could use half of a lot of power?
At the same time, it will be only the data portion of the 4 g LTE, which currently can be used. Although the engineers are working on it, so that made ordinary voice calls still just over 2 g and 3 g networks.
That is to say, that only the data that will be transferred via 4 g LTE, and this in turn means, that the phone should always have contact with two different networks (URf.eks. 2 g and 4 g) at the same time, which uses more power.
The short version: Why not 4 g mobiles in Europe yet
Our trip through 4 g is about to be finished, but why have we not got a 4 g LTE phones in Europe?
In short form so it is simply because the U.S. telecommunication companies have called for 4 g LTE phones from manufacturers.
The major telcos with Verizon at the head has had a serious capacity challenge, and because of market conditions in the United States and past technology choices, so it has been necessary to upgrade to 4 g LTE very quickly.
At the same time, the American telecommunications companies had the opportunity to use the 700 MHz, which has helped rollout of 4 g LTE on track.
Telecommunications companies in Europe have not called for 4 g LTE phones on the market, since the vast majority of telcos still has plenty of capacity left in their 3 g network. It has not been necessary to the same extent of upgrade to 4 g LTE, and at the same time, most carriers also lacked licenses for low frequencies in the 800 MHz frequency range.
There are quite simply not been a need for 4 g LTE, and telecommunications organizations have therefore not pressed phone manufacturers to make 4 g LTE phones for the European market.
Now will the sharp reader guaranteed thinking: “TDC, Telia and Telenor is also great-why not just pressure on mobile manufacturers?”. Internationally seen as is the great Danish telecommunications companies some mini putter.
U.s. Verizon has more than 197,000 employees and more than 108 million customers in the U.S. market.By comparison, so have TDC overall about 9,000 employees and
about 3.5 million mobile customers.
When Verizon says “hop” so ask mobile producers “how high?”, which is also the reason why we often see rebrandede phones in United States.
A Samsung phone is called URf.eks. one thing in Europe, Africa, Asia and South America, but when it comes to the United States, so will be even same telephone rebrandet respectively to Verizon, AT & T, Sprint and T-mobile.
This is essentially the same phone, but every telecommunications company will each receive their version of the phone. It is a clear show of force, which shows how much power the large telecommunications companies actually have in certain markets.
These were some of the reasons why the Americans are so far ahead on 4 g LTE area.
We will however, soon to see a little more on the 4 g front from phone manufacturers since the phone company 3 during this year’s Roskilde Festival promised a 4 g LTE smartphone in their range over the course of 3. quarter of 2012.
There is probably also a number of other reasons why we have not yet seen a 4 g LTE smartphone on the European market, but market conditions and various technologies are at least one of the aspects of the case.