Tonsillitis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

You can feel a pain in the throat when swallowing or pain in the ears, have bad breath or fever. All these symptoms are associated with the tonsillitis. Find out how to treat this problem.

Tonsillitis Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

The sore throat is a problem that affects many people today. It is a symptom that arises in response to an inflammation of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is formed by the tonsils and the pharynx. If the inflammation affects the tonsils, we are faced with a tonsillitis. If you affect the pharynx, inflammation is a pharyngitis.

AS IT COMES TO TONSILLITIS?

The tonsils are part of the lymphatic system. Its function is to prevent bacteria and other germs from entering our body. They are located at the bottom of the mouth.

The tonsillitis can be viral or bacterial. The amigdalites of viral origin are most frequently found, accounting for about 70% of the cases.

The temperature variations are responsible for a large part of the cases, and not so much the low temperatures. Winter is the season of the year in which this issue arises with more frequency. It is a type of infection very common in children.

It has a high risk of contagion, and its transmission is made through sneezing or cough from a person contaminated.

SYMPTOMS OF TONSILLITIS

The most common symptoms when we are faced with a case of tonsillitis are:

  • Difficulty in swallowing;
  • Sore throat intense;
  • Ear pain;
  • Fever;
  • Bad breath;
  • Headache;
  • Feeling of general malaise.

The note of the oral cavity may reveal redness of the tonsils with or without white spots (pus).

In children can be observed a series of characteristic symptoms:

  • Increased production of saliva;
  • Fever greater than 38ºC;
  • Pus, yellowish in the throat;
  • Rashes;
  • Difficulty in swallowing;
  • Difficulty breathing;
  • The increase in the volume of the lymph nodes of the cervical region.

RISK FACTORS

Children are more prone to this type of infection, especially those over the age of 2 years. In nurseries, the risk of contagion is increased. Bad hygiene conditions and the winter also contribute to a higher risk of disease transmission.

There are also cases in which the infection is recurring it could be due to a deficiency in the immune response of the individual. This problem can also be due to anatomical changes of the oral cavity and of their own tonsils which favor the deposit of waste and secretions as food.

TREATMENT OF TONSILLITIS

The treatment of tonsillitis depends on several factors:

  • Age;
  • General health condition;
  • Extension of the infection;
  • Type of infection;
  • Tolerance of the patient to medicines and medical procedures.

In the case of this health problem be recurring, can be advised the surgical removal of the tonsils.

The two types of this disease are treated in different ways.

TONSILLITIS VIRAL

In amigdalites viral, usually, fever is lower, and the tonsils do not have pus to the surface. The virus responsible for this type of infection are typically rhinoviruses or adenoviruses.

The treatment of tonsillitis of viral origin passes through the relief of symptoms, hydration and rest. The medicines most commonly used are antipyretics and analgesics.

The use of antibiotics is not advised for the treatment of this problem because it does not display any effectiveness, and risk of increasing resistance of microbial infection in the future.

TONSILLITIS BACTERIAL

This type of the disease usually causes symptoms very lush, such as a high fever that does not yield with the use of medication antipyretic. The bacteria Streptococcus group A is the most common in this type of infection.

The cases of tonsillitis of bacterial origin are usually treated through the use of antibiotics derived from penicillin. There may be cases in which there is the need to gather a sample of the pus from the back of the throat with a swab. This examination has as objective to identify the bacteria responsible for the infection, and thus to specify the antibiotic more effective.

POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS

The tonsillitis rarely presents serious complications. However, this issue should not be undervalued and is advised to seek a doctor.

Rarely, the infection can evolve, affecting the amygdala in depth resulting in an abscess that causes a lot of pain and difficulty in opening the mouth. This problem requires quick treatment and drainage of abscesses, in addition to treatment with antibiotics.

In other times, the bacterial infections caused by Streptococcus group A, caused heart complications, kidney and joint pains often. Currently, these consequences are significantly less common due to the evolution of medicine and treatments available.