Throughout the pregnancy, all first-time mother knows what’s the focus: always stay connected in all care that involve preparation for the day of delivery. But and after the baby is born, someone explain?
The saga begins when you get out of motherhood defined on Recipesinthebox. You can never be too careful, since the first month of life of the newborn is one of the most important-and difficult: “newborns need special care in the first month of life because they are more fragile and helpless, depending on how 24 hours of maternal protection”, explains Claudia Tanuri, pediatrician, neonatologist at the Hospital and maternity ward St. Joan, of Sao Paulo. Sleep, food, hygiene … all this is essential so that they grow up healthy in these 30 days, physical and sensory changes which mark of extreme importance.
At the end of the first month of life, babies “get fat” about 1 kg on the scale and grow around 4 cm high, representing a change that, although simple, is very significant. The facial features are also taking a more defined each day: the head increases approximately two centimeters, the pinkish hue of the skin starts to lose color and the joints, which were previously more rigid, they acquire motility. The part is very sensory stimulated these days, as reactions to noise and improves the vision begin to appear.
Breast milk or not?
Ideally the baby to feed exclusively on breast milk during the first six months, as well as recommended by the World Health Organization (who). Claudia assumes that breast milk has immeasurable benefits compared to artificial formulas, and protect the baby against infections. But, if something prevents you from breastfeeding, artificial milk are an alternative, but the important thing is that your child, whenever der signs that is hungry, no matter the time of day, feeds.
A pediatrician’s guidance assistance, accompanying the child teaching the nursing mother the right way is essential, in addition to the support of the family, so that an early weaning is avoided. Early weaning, according to Claudia, is one of the greatest dangers to the health of the baby in the future. The pediatrician recommends to observe carefully the number of bowel movements and strong diuresis during the course of the day to evaluate if breastfeeding is really being effective for the newborn.
Special attention to the umbilical cord. He doesn’t fall completely until they spend approximately two weeks. In the meantime, it is essential that this small part of the body stay clean and dry, just so the healing happens in a natural way. The best way is to wash it with SOAP and water and, soon after that, protect it with gauze to prevent the dirty diaper area.
When the subject is the bath, make sure that it is not done by immersion, at least until the cord has not dropped completely. The ideal is to fill the tub with two or three centimeters of water, and go gently rubbing the baby with a soft sponge. Always pay attention to the temperature of the water, which must be checked before the shower, using the inside of the wrist. Once the cord has fallen off completely and is healed, we did l leave a baby submerged to bathe, but always with the head raised, you must handle carefully.
Still about hygiene, baby’s contact with sick people, public places and indoors can facilitate the acquisition of all complaints, causing damage to health. “This can occur more easily in this age group due to low immunity and vaccination calendar, which is a characteristic of newborns,” says Claudia.
The sleep, indispensable to grow
A newborn sleeps during the first weeks of life, about 19 hours each day. Growth hormone (GH) operates in sleep, and so it is vital that the baby has a good rest stop promoting its development.
The tummy of the baby, in the home, must be facing upwards, thereby, according to the Spanish Association of Pediatrics, is reduced the risk of sudden death, which is when a baby dies in his sleep, without which the causes are defined. “We also recommend that mothers avoid breast-feeding their babies in the reclining position, because they can sleep with them and cause choking,” endorses Claudia. To put the child to sleep on your back, gastresofágico reflux and suffocation occur with much less frequency.
About the pacifier, the who does not recommend offering it at this time. If you breastfeed correctly, the need for suction will be sated. If the baby falls into tears, it is best to calm him down and pack it in your arms, but always attempting to avoid that he falls asleep right there. The cradle is the best alternative to avoid that he don’t get used to these habits, harder to lose after the child has already grown a little.
Visits to the doctor
A week after getting discharged from the hospital, it is necessary to take the baby to the doctor return to the pediatrician and nurse proving that everything goes well. The second medical consultation, in turn, is done after the baby has completed one month of life.
Between one and two months of age, the tiny need to go to the clinic to receive the second dose of hepatitis B vaccine, because the first is given in the hospital, as soon as they are born. Six months after the first dose was given, it is important to the implementation of the third. For newborns weighing under 2 kg, the fourth dose would be required, following the same pattern – 0, 1, 2 and 7 months – is what recommends the Immunization Center and Maternity Hospital St. Joan, of Sao Paulo.
Till the 3 months Claudia account that these precautions are essential. After this age, the quality of life of the baby begins to improve, especially with respect to the defence of immunity because of the more complete vaccination.
The most important thing is to enjoy everything that involves the joy of motherhood and, especially, don’t feel overwhelmed. Remember that being a mother represents a path full of learning, where your natural instinct also has a lot to add.