What are child-friendly sports? Which physical activity is fine at 3 years 4 or 5? When start doing sport? Your Child’s Doctor, Prof. Giuseppe Ferrari explains the correct way to live and teach the sport to our children and how to navigate between gymnastics, football, dancing, swimming, basketball and many other sports from the first months of life.
Sport is a physical activity and physical activity is innate in human nature. It shall be exercised as from the date on which the child is developing during pregnancy. Ask mothers how to “kick” the kids in their bellies and you will understand!
The evaluation of this strenuous physical sports allows you to be sure of the perfect health of the newborn. Physical activity therefore is synonymous with energy.
Sport and physical activity by 2-3 years
It is important that parents are informed about the great utility, but especially on the best ways to carry out a physical activity adapted to a proper development of body and mind of their children. I prefer to use the term physical activity rather than sporting activity in the strict sense, since, in the first few years of life, it is difficult, though not impossible, think of a real sport for children. Must be rooted in the minds of adults the concept that physical activity besides being necessary, indeed essential for a normal and proper growth of the child, physical and mental affects many aspects of the adult, for example:
- improvement of cardiovascular functions
- greater psychic balance
- greater ability to face life’s challenges etc.
If a child has acquired the habit of physical activity, once grown, the more easily will continue to practice it. See answers to sports from Andyoutdoor.
Benefits of sports for kids
Many teachers agree in saying that learning in school is facilitated by a sporting practice complementary. Physical activity has a decisive influence on the structure of the body, its shape and also on some functions. More precisely, you have a fat reduction and an increase in lean body mass (muscle) with no weight change, improvement of oxygen throughout the body, then a:
- better oxygenation, which persists even when the task is suspended,
- increase in muscle strength,
- reduction in the basin,
- increased shoulder width.
At what age can or must start doing sports in a child?
Physical activity, sport and play, in the first years of life are identified, so it becomes difficult to date exactly the beginning of a real sport.
The baby, from the earliest days of life, exerts an motor activity. It is enough to see how a baby screaming and scampering to get an idea of its will to move. A quarter of the calories from a nursing infant are for his physical activity.
Also during the next few months and in the earliest years of life the child “never stop”. In the evening, they know something mothers destroyed by a day of “sport” of their small!
As the child grows, if parents have good sports culture (and if you don’t have a pediatrician must intervene to suggest it), there is the issue of starting the child to a sport suitable for age.
First sports for children and babies
The first approach of organized physical activity may be the “swimming lessons” that you can start after the neonatal period (say, in the second month of life). This activity can be done in the appropriate structure and that in the absence of which, Council at my mums starting in Bath House (filling it well and immersing himself with their baby). After a year, you can go to the pools.
Later, Board of Start children to swimming for two reasons:
- is a natural activity
- children learn to swim, which is a major acquisition for personal safety.
Gymnastics and dance (particularly appreciated the girls) can be initiated towards the 3 years.
5 – 7 years and 6 kids sport: what to choose?
It is, however, by 6/7 years onwards you can start talking about sports. At this point, the type of sport must be chosen by the child according to his liking and his attitude, because the child must also have fun, or at least be gratified by the activities they practice.
It’s morally harmful from the point of view both physical and psychological, forcing a child to practice a sport that does not love. Long-Limbed individuals will be more suitable for athletics (racing, jumping), volleyball, basketball, canoeing, while shorter subjects will be best suited forshot put, judo etc.
However, these distinctions dictated by physical structure should not be considered mandatory, when choosing a sport but must be supported by the approval of the child. Generally children are more attracted to sports games (football, volleyball etc) because more fun.
Sport is not complete and not symmetrical
Are those who put in motion only certain muscles, while others remain idle: cycling, football, tennis, downhill skiing, fencing.
These sports in individuals still being body growth determine in the long run structural imbalances. For those who practice these sports are therefore recommended complementary activities such as swimming, gymnastics specific to the muscles that are not used (for tennis, gymnastics compensatory allowance across).
Basketball, volleyball, swimming, boating, cross country skiing are sports. It would be preferable that children practiced several sports, albeit in a limited way.
Unfortunately, due to the current deficiencies of the sports facilities and the lack of political and social sensitivity to this area, it is almost never possible to initiate children to a complete and varied sporting activities. We must therefore make forced choices: in fact, not everyone can afford significant expenditure for gyms or private pools.
At what age do make various sports for children?
So the question “at what age should you start” has one answer: “as soon as the child gives the feeling of wanting to do a physical activity” attitude which typically depends on the sporting culture of the environment in which they live.
In any case I suggest most common sports, the recommended age (on which, in principle, there is agreement “prudential supervision” of sports physicians). Although we read that the famous tennis player and the great skier etc. began 3 years.
I believe that if they started 6/7 years would arrive too thanks to their individual qualities and not to the earliness of the beginning of the activity.
- Football in 9 years
- Swimming in 5 years
- Basketball in 9 years
- Volleyball at 6 years
- Judo in 5 years
- Gymnastics at 5 years
- Tennis at 10 years
- Alpine skiing in 6 years
- Athletics in 10 years
- Rugby with 9 years
- Fencing in 8 years
- Ice skating (dance, hockey, speed) 8 years
Beginning serious and continuous competitive activity:
- 12 football
- Swimming at 9
- Basketball in 12
- Volleyball at 12
- Judo in 12
- 12 exercises
- Tennis at 12
- Alpine skiing at 11
- Athletics 14
Personally, my children (in order of preference): basketball, volleyball, gymnastics (including various types of dancing), swimming and athletics.