Rubella is a disease caused by Togavirus, and is therefore infectious-contagious in nature. Being a fairly harmless disease for adults and children, the same can not be said for the baby when it is contracted during the period when it is in the mother’s belly.
In this article you can learn more about this disease, its symptoms, the risks to the baby, and how to prevent rubella.
As mentioned above, this disease is infectious-contagious. Contamination usually occurs through the airways, causing red spots all over the body.
This is the most distinctive feature of this disease. These spots begin to appear on the face, then spread throughout the body. Being a disease that has high risks of sequelae for the unborn baby, doctors often warn of the need for vaccination.
Thus, in addition to the vaccine administered to 15-month-old infants, women who want or can become pregnant and who have not had the vaccine should get it to reduce the risk of congenital rubella to zero.
The initial symptoms of rubella are very similar to that of an ordinary flu. Thus, it is normal for the patient to experience headaches, difficulties and some pain when swallowing, muscular and articular pains, fever, and appearance of ganglia. In addition to these symptoms, there are also the appearance of red spots all over the body.
Risks for the baby
Congenital rubella is the form of rubella in which the infection is transmitted from the mother to the baby during pregnancy. This variant of rubella is the most severe form of this disease, and may manifest itself through the appearance of malformations in the child. Thus, congenital rubella can cause visual problems and deafness to the baby.
How to prevent rubella
As we explained above, the prevention of this problem is through vaccination. The rubella vaccine is effective in almost all cases, and is given when the child is 15 months old.
If you have not taken this vaccine as a child, the woman who is of childbearing age should ask to receive the vaccine. If vaccination is not done, there is a risk that the pregnant woman may catch this disease and pass it on to the baby.
If you are born with rubella, you can transmit this virus for up to one year. For this reason, babies with this disease can not be with other children or pregnant women.