Pre-Eclampsia: What Is and What Should Be?

Learn How To Identify This Disease, As Well As, Should Act To Avoid That There Are Problems During Your Pregnancy.

Preeclampsia usually occur when the pregnant demonstrates a very high blood pressure, after your 20th week of pregnancy and your disappearance may occur up to 12 weeks postpartum. In addition to high blood pressure, preeclampsia can bring other complications, such as excess protein in the urine and swelling too.

This disease can be given also by the name of toxemia or hypertensive disease of pregnancy and as the name implies only occurs during pregnancy. The name of preeclampsia arises due to eclampsia, which is a kind of conclusion that happens during pregnancy and which can be fatal to the mother and to the baby.

If this disease is not treated, it can lead to serious complications, both for the woman and the baby. One can still say that hypertension is responsible for being the main cause of death among pregnant women.


The cause for this disease is unknown, but experts believe that it has its origin in the placenta, because in the beginning of pregnancy, there is a development of new blood vessels that develop and improve so that the blood can reach the placenta. In women with this disease, the blood vessels eventually fail to develop normal, being narrower than the normal vessels, which limits the amount of blood.

This abnormal development may include some causes, such as the existence of insufficient blood flow to the uterus, blood vessel damage, immune system problems, as well as disturbances in blood pressure during pregnancy.

In addition, there are three diseases preeclampsia hypertensive that can occur during pregnancy, and these are:

-Gestational Hypertension: high blood pressure Causes the pregnant, although there are no signs of excess protein in the urine or other signs of damage to the organs.

-Chronic: Hypertension is high blood pressure that is present before pregnancy or occurring before 20 weeks. It may be difficult to determine the your home, since this does not present any type of symptoms.

-Chronic Hypertension with Pre-eclampsia: overlay occurs when women show a high blood pressure, well before pregnancy, which turns out to be developed and worsened, so the presence of protein in the urine.

Learn How To Identify This Disease, As Well As, Should Act To Avoid That There Are Problems During Your Pregnancy.

Risk Factors


-Family history of preeclampsia

Her first pregnancy

-Multiple pregnancies with different partners

-The age, where the risk is greatest after 35 years

-Multiple pregnancy

-A range of 10 years or more between pregnancies

The existence of other diseases, can also influence the increase in preeclampsia, such as obesity, hypertension, migraine, diabetes type 1 or 2, kidney disease, thrombophilia, rheumatoid arthritis, Scleroderma and lupus.


It is possible that during pregnancy women are unable to notice the increase in blood pressure until she is too high, so it is necessary that there are regular visits to the obstetrician, so that preeclampsia can be found right at the beginning. As regards the first symptoms, these are characterized by:

-Rapid increase of weight, including 2 to 5 pounds in a week

-Swelling in the face, hands and feet

After the development of the disease, the symptoms are, in particular:


-Abdominal pain

-Have less urge to urinate

-Shortness of breath

-Nausea or vomiting



When making your prenatal queries be sure to monitor your blood pressure and if you suffer from any of these symptoms should notify your doctor and go immediately to the hospital. Although the headaches and nausea are quite frequent during pregnancy, should warn the doctor anyway, even if it’s for him to keep an eye on and also so don’t feel worried.

Learn How To Identify This Disease, As Well As, Should Act To Avoid That There Are Problems During Your Pregnancy.


To be diagnosed, should have a very high blood pressure, as well as:

-Protein in the urine

-Low Platelets

-Insufficient liver function

-Signs of kidney problems

-Liquid in the lungs

-Disturbances in vision


Previously this disease was diagnosed only if the pregnant woman presents a high blood pressure, as well as protein in the urine, but nowadays, there are other factors that can diagnose and so you need to do some tests such as:

-Blood tests

-Urine tests

-Fetal Ultrasound

-Check the baby’s heart rate


If pre-eclampsia is diagnosed in your pregnancy, your doctor will inform you of what you will need to do, and that’s going to include more prenatal consultations, as well as frequent blood tests and heart rate monitoring.

You may need to change your lifestyle, starting the ingest little sodium, maintain your weight, sleeping more appropriately and also hiking. If your pressure continue high it is necessary that refer to the use of medicines to help you. The bed rest can reach even to be recommended, taking the pregnant to stay lying on the left side, most of the time.


The treatment for this disease can include:

-Medicines that lower blood pressure and that are safe for pregnancy

-Corticosteroids, to the most serious cases or which are associated with liver complications or platelets

-Anticonvulsant Medications

And in the latter case, hospitalization

Hospitalization, will require the your baby is monitored and the volume of amniotic fluid is measured frequently. Because the lack of this, is a sign that the blood that the baby is receiving is inadequate.


If there is an evolution of preeclampsia for eclampsia, this can interfere with the ability of the placenta to provide oxygen to the baby and cause this to be born with a lower weight than normal, thus giving origin to several health problems and also to premature birth.

Since it is not possible to determine the cause of this disease is very difficult to know what to do to avoid it and that when this is identified there are several steps you can take to prevent, as in the case of the home and the monitoring of the mother and the baby.

However, it is estimated from that after the baby is born, your blood pressure back to normal.