Tooth decay is increasingly a disease recognized worldwide that affects all age groups. Know here the main reasons and how to combat this problem.
The dental caries is defined as a disease of an infectious or contagious disease that causes the progressive destruction of the dental tissues. This process of destruction can occur in any area of the tooth and it may be fast-evolving or slow.
And as we’ve passed through a time of year filled with indulgence, make sure that you know what it is, what to do and how to protect yourself.
Being a disease an infectious disease of slow evolution in the majority of cases, can be caused by various etiological factors primary factors and secondary that will get to know then.
CAUSES OF DENTAL CARIES
1. PRIMARY FACTORS OF DENTAL CARIES:
- A susceptible host to develop illness: the tooth;
- The Microflora of the oral cariogénica: In particular the bacteria of the group streptococcus mutans;
- Inadequate diet: Based carbohydrate simple to do mainly with the substrate sucrose;
- Transmissibility between mother and baby;
- Early exposure of the baby to these microorganisms.
2. FACTORS SIDE OF THE TOOTH DECAY:
- Composition salivary;
- Poor oral hygiene;
- Exposure to fluoride.
BECAUSE WE HAVE CAVITIES?
The teeth are composed of three layers of tissues, the dentin, the enamel and the cementum and the dentin is the closest to the alveolar nerve (in the portion coronal), the enamel overlying the dentine getting this exposed to through the mouth (portion coronal) and the cementum overlying the root canals (root portion). These are the tissues that occurs dental caries which is manifested by a located loss of minerals, caused by the microbial fermentation of carbohydrates in the diet.
This fermentation always occurs after the ingestion of food and gets worse over time, by changing the Ph of the saliva, acidifying it, making the oral environment more conducive to the propragação bacterial.
When all this process develops tooth decay, which can appear in any tissue of the tooth starting out as an area of demineralization (spot off) evolving progressively to appear the cavity, at a more advanced stage of the disease.
TYPES OF DENTAL CARIES
1. CARIES CORONAL
Are as the name implies, in the crown of the tooth. Are the most common and can appear between the teeth, in any of the faces of the teeth and the occlusal surface (the face of contact of the upper teeth with the lower) the more common.
The symptoms of this type of caries depends on the depth of the same and may not present any symptom until the peaks of acute pain.
The appearance of symptoms such as sensitivity to cold, heat and sweet usually appears in this order as the approximation to the alveolar nerve.
2. CARIES RADICULAR
Are also indicative of where it occurs: the root of the tooth. The less frequent and in most cases already occur at an advanced stage of the disease or when there are severe recessions gingival.
These are the cavities more severe due to the proximity with the inferior alveolar nerve and usually always present symptoms. The cementum is the tissue that covers the entire root and is extremely sensitive to stimuli having said that, sensitivity to cold and warm are the most frequent complaints.
3. CERVICAL CARIES
Can be grouped either in the cavities coronal, either in the root canal because they are located in a transition zone between the two.
They are located in usually on the neck of the tooth near the area gingival. The sensitivity to cold is most common complaint presented, being this pain is fleeting.
THE TREATMENTS THE MOST WELL-KNOWN AGAINST DENTAL CARIES:
After the develop of the disease caries and the symptoms appear it is up to your dentist to decide what is the best treatment to perform.
1. DIRECT RESTORATIONS FINAL
The simplest treatment passes through the mechanical removal of the entire extension of the lesion with rotating instruments, the high frequency (drills, dental, and subsequent replacement of the tissue of the tooth lost by a restorative material.
It is up to your dentist to choose which material to use, since it depends on the extent, depth and location of the area lost to get the best possible result.
2. ENDODONTIC TREATMENT RADICAL
In more severe cases, there may be a need to proceed with the endodontic treatment radical (desvitalizações).
Consists, briefly, in the substitution of the alveolar nerve by a cement-plugging and guttapercha serving of insulating against the bacteria and at the end of the treatment proceeds to the final restoration in the same way as if the decay were to start.
4 DAILY CARE NOT TO RUN THE RISK OF DEVELOPING DENTAL CARIES:
1. GOOD ORAL HYGIENE
Brushing at least three times a day and use a mouthwash 30 minutes after brushing the tooth in order to stabilize the Ph salivary;
2. GOOD DIET FOO
Avoid carbohydrates especially those containing sucrose;
3. FLUORIDE EXPOSURE
Presence in the folders any toothpaste or going to your dentist, which carries out the application of fluorine for medical use with more concentration than the usage at home and thus, to obtain a degree of protection higher;
4. REGULAR VISITS TO YOUR DENTIST
Allows for greater control and better results against dental caries in the short and in the long term.