The danger of obesity for pregnant woman
Hunger might be linked to psychological and emotional changes
Pregnancy is a delicate moment and requires special care, especially when it comes to food that, at that stage, is directly related to the health of the mother and the baby, both in intrauterine life and in the future. Obesity in pregnancy is a common and dangerous problem. About 45% of the obese women in the world have gained weight after pregnancy. To the psychologist and creator of Take Shape slimming method, Yara Daros, hunger is not only a physiological need and can also be associated with psychological and emotional changes, such as periods of anxiety and fragility, which can lead to binge eating.
According to the RDI (Recommended Dietary Intakes), table with universal recommendations about feeding, pregnant women from the third month of pregnancy should receive only 300 calories more than normal, totaling 2,800 calories per day. the pregnant women of low weight gain around 15 kg; the proper weight, between 10 to 12 kg;and the overweight or obese between 6 kg and 7 kg.
“Gain weight excessively in gestational period or start this term overweight or obesity are risk factors for complications such as diabetes, hypertension and preeclampsia, especially at the end of gestation. These evils are two to six times more common in women with overweight “emphasizes Yara.
Obesity during pregnancy is also associated with the highest rate of mortality of infants, especially in the perinatal period, in addition to the birth of children with neural tube defect structure that gives rise to the brain and the spinal cord. The average weight of babies is also larger than normal, which can cause obstetric risks during childbirth, contributing to a higher rate of Cesarean section.
“Women who gain too much weight during pregnancy have bad eating habits and possibly continue after the birth of the baby. For those who begin pregnancy overweight or obese, no increase in calories is recommended, “says Yara. She complements that, however, the gestation period is not best suited to lose weight and it is vital that the overweight pregnant receive adequate food guidance to not put your life and your baby at risk.
Tips for a healthy pregnancy:
Drink water constantly, 1.5 to 2 liters per day.
Consume at least three fruits per day, in addition to vegetables at lunch and dinner. These foods are rich in fiber, which prevent constipation, very common in pregnancy.
Fracione meals in six to eight times a day, with small amounts, and chew slowly. Consume low-fat foods and avoid ingesting liquids during meals to facilitate digestion and prevent heartburn.
The meat is very important during this period, because it is rich in iron and protein. The iron can be better absorbed if consumed with fruits rich in vitamin C such as kiwi, Orange, lemon, cherry, Tangerine, and pineapple.
Breastfeeding is the great source of weight loss for the pregnant woman. The breastfeeding woman loses 400 to 500 calories per day. This is equivalent to the amount of calories lost in more than 1 hour of cardio.